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2015年12月 第15卷 第4期《威尼斯网站学报》

编辑: 时间:2016-04-26 点击数:

威尼斯网站学报 No.4 Vol.15 2015年第4 (总第73期)

目次

【工程技术研究与应用】

2,7-咔唑基窄带隙共轭聚合物的合成及光电性能的研究 苏雪花,王守伟,田红,张伟伟 (1)

汽油萃取脱硫技术的应用研究与进展 张伟伟,侯侠 (5)

反应条件对改进的溴代正丁烷合成方法的影响 马祥麟(10)

元陆9井三开钻井液施工技术 李洁(13)

造纸法薄片项目分质排水与污水再生回用的研究 郑晓春,李国海(16)

提高螺杆压缩机长周期运行时间的分析 李庆祝(20)

基于光敏电阻特性的光控灯实验平台设计 王凌波(23)

印刷企业物流管理系统的优化设计 董继荣(26)

基于云平台的微小企业人力资源管理系统设计 刘华清(30)

【职业技术教育研究与管理】

新时期高职校园诚信学问建设的研究与实践 陈兴义,王理宪(35)

校企合作在我国高职教育中若干困境及解决方法初探 齐建军(39)

论高职高专校园学问建设的路径 杨国英,张洪波(43)

高职院校建立班级教学信息员制度的探索与实践 李影,郝青龙(47)

新时期高职院校员工职业素养与就业能力的培养 朱浩松(50)

【教学研究与改革】

高职《有机化工生产技术》考试考核新模式探索研究 展宗瑞,李倩,杨西萍 (53)

基于SUCCESs的微课设计 涂刚(57)

教育学专业大员工职前教育的改革与实践 彭 怡, 陆 琴, 金东海(61)

汉、维、藏族大员工英语学习策略的比较研究 马春花(65)

【人文社会科学研究】

西北地区隧道水环境问题及对策研究 张国珍,明驹,武福平(68)

甘肃风电产业发展现状与优劣势分析 魏松峰, 杨树华(71)

澳大利亚语言教育政策解析 张彩霞(77)

【综合论坛】

《红楼梦》惜春与《乱世佳人》卡琳命运结局相似原因探析 杨桂芳,冯尕才(80)【消息报道】

我院代表队在2015年“高教社杯”全国大员工数学建模竞赛决赛中再获佳绩 (9)

我院经理在全省高校思政课“教学能手”总决赛中荣获一等奖 (22)

我院获评“中国石油和化学工业院校学问建设先进单位” (29)

我院学子在“外研社杯”全国英语阅读大赛(甘肃赛区)荣获特等奖 (64)

CONTENTS

Synthesis and Photoelectric Characterization of Narrow Band-gap Conjugated Polymers Based on 2,7-carbazole SU Xue-hua, WANG Shou-wei, TIAN Hong, ZHANG Wei-wei(1)

Progress on Research and Application of Gasoline Extraction Desulphurization Technology ZHANG Wei-wei, HOU Xia(5)

Reaction Conditions on the Improvement of Bromine Generation of 1- Bromobutane Synthesis Method MA Xiang-lin(10)

Drilling Technology in the 3rd Section of NO. 9 Yuanlu Well LI Jie(13)

Study on Dewatering and Recycling of Sewage in Papermaking Slide Project ZHENG Xiao-chun, LI Guo-hai(16)

Analysis of Improving Operation Time of Screw Compressor LI Qing-zhu(20)

Light-control Experiment Platform Based on Characteristics of Photosensitive Resistance WANG Ling-bo(23)

Optimization of Logistic Management System in Printing Enterprises DONG Ji-rong(26)

The Design of Micro-enterprise Human Resource Management System Based on Cloud Platform LIU Hua-qing(30)

Study and Practice of Integrity Culture Construction in Vocational Colleges in New Era-taking Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology as example CHEN Xing-yi, WANG Li-xian(35)

Probe into the Dilemmas and Measures of School-Enterprise Cooperation in Vocational Colleges QI Jian-jun(39)

Path of College Cultural Construction of Vocational Campus YANG Guo-ying, ZHANG Hong-bo(43)

The Exploration and Practice to Establish Class Teaching Feedback System in Vocational Colleges LI Ying,HAO Qing-long(47)

Analysis of Career Quality and Employment Skills for Vocational College Students ZHU Hao-song(50)

Study and Reform on the New Examination Mode for Organic Chemical Production Technology ZHAN Zong-rui,LI Qian, YANG Xi-ping (53)

Design of Micro-lesson Based on SUCCESs TU Gang(57)

Reforming and Practice in Pre-career Education for Education Majors PENG Yi, LU Qin, JIN Dong-hai(61)

Comparison Study of Learning Strategy in Chinese, Uighur and Tibetan MA Chun-hua(65)

Study on Regional Tunnels Environmental Problems and Strategy ZHANG Guo-zhen, MING Ju, WU Fu-ping(68)

Analysis of Development Situation and Characteristics of Wind Power in Gansu Province WEI Song-feng, YANG Shu-hua(71)

Analysis of Language Education in Australia ZHANG Cai-xia(77)

Study on Similarity of Life and Endings between Ja Xichun ofA dream of Red Mansionsand Carreen O'Hara ofGone with the Wind YANG Gui-fang,FENG Ga-cai(80)

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0001-04

2,7-咔唑基窄带隙共轭聚合物的合成及光电性能的研究

苏雪花a, 王守伟a, 田 红a, 张伟伟b

(威尼斯网站 a.石油化学工程系;b.应用化学工程系,甘肃 兰州730060)

摘要:采用Suzuki偶合反应合成了2,7-双(4’,4’,5’,5’-四甲基-1’,3’,2’-二氧杂戊硼烷-2’-基)-N-9-十七碳烷基咔唑和4,7-二(5-溴噻并[3,2-b]噻吩-2-基)-2,1,3-苯并噻二唑的聚合物PCZ-DTBT。所得共聚物表现出了良好的热稳定性及较宽的吸取范围,共聚物在固体薄膜中有两个吸取峰分别为430nm和625nm,共聚物在邻二氯苯中和固体薄膜中的光致发光发射峰分别为677nm和713nm,最高占有分子轨道(HOMO)和最低未占有分子轨道(LUMO)值分别为-5.28eV和-3.55eV。

关键词:咔唑;合成;共轭聚合物;光电性能

中图分类号:O633.5 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-10-12

基金项目:威尼斯网站科研项目(KJ2015-06)

编辑概况:苏雪花(1984-),女,甘肃白银人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

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Synthesis and Photoelectric Characterization of Narrow Band-gap Conjugated Polymers Based on 2,7-carbazole

SU Xue-hua, WANG Shou-wei, TIAN Hong, ZHANG Wei-wei

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:The alternating narrow band gap conjugated copolymer (PCZ-DTBT, Eg =1.83eV) derived from 4,7-di(thieno[3,2-b]thien-2-yl)-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole and 2,7-bis(4′,4′,5′,5′- tetramethyl-1′,3′,2′-dioxaborolan-2′-yl)-N-9″'-heptodecanylcarbazole, was prepared by the palladium catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction. The resultant polymer absorbs light from 350-700 nm, exhibits two absorbance peaks at around 430 and 625nm and thermal stability. In o-DCB solution and solid thin film, PL emission peaks of the copolymer are at around 677nm and 713nm respectively. The values of highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) are -5.28eV and -3.55eV respectively. The performances of photovoltaic devices based on these materials are tested.

Key words:carbazole; Synthesis; Conjugated Polymers;photoelectric property

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0005-05

汽油萃取脱硫技术的应用研究与进展

张伟伟,侯侠

(威尼斯网站 应用化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:先容了汽油萃取脱硫的机理,综述了近年来国内外汽油萃取脱硫技术的研究进展,包括氧化—萃取脱硫、萃取—光化学脱硫、络合—萃取脱硫、萃取—蒸馏脱硫、离子液体萃取脱硫、膜基萃取脱硫等汽油萃取脱硫技术,分析了各种萃取脱硫技术的优缺点,并对汽油萃取脱硫技术的研究方向进行了展望。

关键词:汽油;萃取脱硫;萃取剂;脱硫率

中图分类号:TE624.6 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-08-25

基金项目:威尼斯网站教科研基金项目(KJ2015-21)

编辑概况:张伟伟(1983- ),女,山东泰安人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]胡震.汽油脱臭工艺的研究进展[J].石油与天然气化工,2007,36(4):302-306.

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[5]张影,宋鹏俊,闫锋,等.焦化汽油催化氧化及萃取深度脱硫研究[J].石化技术与应用,2009,27(5):400-402.

[6]王磊,沈本贤,蔡海军.连续式FCC汽油萃取—光催化氧化深度脱硫[J].石油学报(石油加工),2008,24(5):569-574.

[7]IBRAHIM A I,SHEN B X,ZHOU W.Desu1furization of FCC gasoline by solvent extraction and photooxidation[J].Petroleum Science and Technology,2003,21(9):1555-1573.

[8]赖先熔,唐晓东,苏旭,等.催化裂化汽油络合萃取深度脱硫实验研究[J].石化技术与应用,2011,29(1):9-13.

[9]江涛,唐晓东,赖先熔,等.汽油络合萃取脱硫实验研究[J].石油与天然气化工,2010,39(6):498-500.

[10] 沈海涛, 沈本贤,申兴海,等.FCC汽油萃取精馏耦合重组分加氢脱硫研究[J].高校化学工程学报,2013,27(3):526-531.

[11]唐晓东,温晓红,王瑞,等.催化裂化轻汽油萃取蒸馏脱硫实验研究[J].石油炼制与化工,2013,44(12):76-79.

[12]赵东滨,寇元.室温离子液体:合成、性质及应用[J].大学化学,2002,17(1):42-46.

[13]Lo W H,Yang H W,Wei G T.One-pot desulfurization of light oils by chemical oxidation and solvent extraction with room temperature ionic liquids[J].Green Chemistry,2003,5(5):639-642.

[14]Esser J,Wasserscheid P,Jess A.Deep desulfurization of oil refinery streams by extraction with ionic liquids[J].Green Chemistry,2004,6(7):316-322.

[15] 颜文超,王强,周明东,等.烷基咪唑高氯酸盐离子液体的萃取脱硫研究[J].石油炼制与化工,2013,44(5):33-37.

[16] 王浩杰,贺建勋,张志,等.离子液体[Et3NH]Cl-0.5FeC13汽油深度脱硫的研究[J].西北大学学报(自然科学版),2014,44(5):762-765.

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[18]赵地顺,李俊盼,张娟,等.季铵盐类金属基离子液体对燃料油萃取脱硫性能研究[J].有机化学,2014,34(7):1468-1468.

[19]林立刚,张玉忠.膜技术在汽油脱硫中应用的新进展[J].石油学报(石油加工),2010,26(3):476-485.

[20]杨杏,肖钟如,曹义呜,等.中空纤维膜基萃取脱除油品中硫醇的研究[J].高校化学工程学报,2008,22(5): 762-767.

Progress on Research and Application of Gasoline Extraction Desulphurization Technology

ZHANG Wei-wei, HOU Xia

(Application of Chemical Engineering Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:The mechanism of gasoline extraction desulphurization was introduced, the progress on research and application of gasoline extraction desulphurization technology at home and abroad was summarized in recent years, including oxidation-extraction desulphurization, extraction-photochemistry desulphurization, complexation-extraction desulphurization, extraction-distillation desulphurization, ionic liquid extraction desulphurization and membrane extraction desulphurization, the advantages and disadvantages of gasoline extraction desulphurization technology were analyzed, and the research direction was prospected.

Key words:gasoline; extraction desulphurization; extractant; desulfurization rate

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0010-03

反应条件对改进的溴代正丁烷合成方法的影响

马祥麟

(威尼斯网站 应用化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:采用溴化钾与浓硫酸的方法合成溴代正丁烷,重点考察了反应条件对合成的影响, 实验结果表明:当正丁醇用量为0.17mol,溴化钾与正丁醇的摩尔比为1∶0.89且浓硫酸追加量为17 mL,回流反应5 h后,溴代正丁烷的产率为88.9 %。本合成方法不但使物料循环利用,而且减少了对环境的污染。

关键词:溴代正丁烷;正丁醇;溴化钾;浓硫酸

中图分类号:TQ222.2 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-10-13

编辑概况:马祥麟(1956- ),男,甘肃陇西人,副教授.

参考文献:

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[7]虞春妹,刘晟波,李理,等.正溴丁烷合成的优化[J].苏州科技学院学报,2005, 22(3):46-49.

Reaction Conditions on the Improvement of Bromine Generation of 1- Bromobutane Synthesis Method

MA Xiang-lin

(Lanzhou petrochemical college of vocational technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper mainly adopts the method of potassium bromide and concentrated sulfuric acid synthesis of bromine generation of n-butane, focus on the effect of reaction conditions on the synthesis was investigated. This method not only makes material recycle, also reduces pollution to the environment.

Key words:1- bromobutane; n-butyl alcohol; potassium bromide; concentrated sulfuric acid

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0013-03

元陆9井三开钻井液施工技术

李 洁

(中石化胜利石油工程有限企业 钻井工程技术企业,山东 东营 257064)

摘要:元陆9井位于川东北元坝九龙山南鼻状构造带五龙岩性圈闭,是中石化勘探南方分企业布置的一口预探井,三开裸眼段上下压力系数差异大,井壁稳定性差;地层压力系数低,井漏严重;储层易遭受污染,油层保护难度大。通过采用无固相钻井液体系和聚磺防塌钻井液体系,严格按照要求控制钻井液性能,顺利完钻,为该区块的开发提供了良好的依据。

关键词:无固相钻井液;高密度;聚磺;油气层保护

中图分类号:TE254 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-10-22

编辑概况:李洁(1987- ),男,内蒙古集宁人,助理工程师.

参考文献:

[1]王兴胜.庄2井大井径长裸眼井段钻井液技术探索[J].威尼斯网站学报,2014,14(1):11-12.

[2]邱春阳,王俊,王宝田,等.桩23 区块定向长裸眼井钻井液技术研究与应用[J].威尼斯网站学报,2013,13(3):7-9.

[3]仇博识,王刚.哈浅6 井储层保护钻井液的研究与应用[J].威尼斯网站学报,2015,15(1):20-22.

[4]黄治中,杨玉良,马世昌.不渗透技术是确保霍尔果斯安集海河组井壁稳定的关键[J].新疆石油科技,2008,18(1): 9-12.

[5]周辉,郭保雨,江智君.深井抗高温钻井液体系的研究与应用[J].钻井液与完井液,2005,22(4):46-48.

[6]赵秀全,李伟平,王中义.长深5 井抗高温钻井液技术[J].石油钻探技术, 2007, 35(6): 39-73.

Drilling Technology in the 3rd Section of NO. 9 Yuanlu Well

LI Jie

(Drilling Engineering Company, Shengli Petrochemical Company, Dongying 257064, China)

Abstract:The Yuan Lu 9 well was located in nose structural belt of Jiu Longshan, and it was a exploration well. The pressure coefficient between up formation and down formation was very different in third section, and the well bore was very instability. The pressure coefficient in reservoir was lower, and lost circulation occurred. The reservoir was easily contamination, and it had great difficulty to protection. The free solid drilling fluid and sulphonated polymer drilling fluid was applied, and the property index was controlled during the course of drilling. At last, the well was finished, and it provides good technology for further development.

Key words:free solid drilling fluid; high density; sulphonated polymer; reservoir protection

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0016-04

造纸法薄片项目分质排水与污水再生回用的研究

郑晓春1,李国海2

(1.安徽中烟再造烟叶科技有限责任企业,安徽 蚌埠 233010;2.安徽中烟工业有限责任企业,安徽 蚌埠 233010)

摘要:研究了造纸法烟草薄片生产过程中的排水以及排放污水的再生回用,阐述了生产废水的水质、水量特征以及造纸法烟草薄片生产过程中分质供水、分质排水、分质处理方案。从经济、技术以及运行费用方面,将造纸法烟草薄片项目分质废水的处理性能与混水处理进行优越性比较,并从实际运行中确定了分质供水、分质排水、分质处理方案可行性。

关键词:造纸法薄片;分质排水;中水回用;废水处理;优越性比较

中图分类号:X793 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-10-22

编辑概况:郑晓春(1985-),女,安徽蚌埠人,工程师.

参考文献:

[1]许日鹏,苏文强,段继生.烟草薄片的开发和应用[J].上海造纸,2008,39(5):46-49.

[2]陈祖刚,蔡冰,王建新,等.国内外造纸法薄片工艺与品质比较[J].烟草科技,2002,(2):4-10.

[3]李杰辉,曹振雷,胡惠仁,等.造纸法抄造烟草薄片用主要原材料成分分析[J].纸和造纸, 2014, 33(5):52-55.

[4]陈正春,李军,冯文超,等.造纸法再造烟叶废水的处理研究[J].云南化工,2014,41(4):26-28.

[5]陈元彩,陈竹,肖仙英,等.造纸法烟草薄片废水的研究[J].中国造纸,2006,25(9):20-22.

Study on Dewatering and Recycling of Sewage in Papermaking Slide Project

ZHENG Xiao-chun1, LI Guo-hai2

(1. Anhui Zhongyan Technology Ltd. Company, Bengbu 233010, China; 2. Anhui Zhongyan Ltd. Company, Bengbu 233010,China)

Abstract:his paper studies the recycling technology of cigarette production process and the quality and characteristics of water during the process of cigarette making. It compares the property and advantages of sewage in terms of economy, technology and operation cost, and then decides the possibility of water supply and sewage disposing methods.

Key words:papermaking slide project; dewatering; water recycling; sewage disposing; advantages comparison

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0020-03

提高螺杆压缩机长周期运行时间的分析

李庆祝

(兰州石化企业 炼油厂,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:螺杆压缩机是我国石油化工企业的主要气体压缩设备之一,其运行状态直接影响整个压缩机组的安全性、可靠性及生产效率。螺杆压缩机一旦发生故障,将极有可能引起整套设备甚至整条生产线的瘫痪,严重降低生产效率并带来巨大的经济损失。选取71泵房螺杆压缩机的常见振动故障进行分析,并针对压缩机非正常停车问题,联系实际状况提出解决方案。

关键词:螺杆压缩机;故障诊断;日常维护

中图分类号:TH327 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-07-22

编辑概况:李庆祝(1986- ),男,山东巨野人,助理工程师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]谢天宝,马子新.第三套东油品输转装置操作规程[Z].2009.

[2]第七一一研究所.中国石油兰州石化企业炼油厂火炬压缩机[Z].2006.

[3]邢子文.螺杆压缩机[M].北京:机械工业出版社,2000.

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Analysis of Improving Operation Time of Screw Compressor

LI Qing-zhu

(Lanzhou Petrochemical Company, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Screw compressor is one of the main gas compression equipment in petrochemical industry. Its running state will directly affect the safety and reliability of the whole unit and the production efficiency. Select 71 pump screw compressor common vibration fault analysis, and for compressor and non normal parking problems, contact the actual situation proposed solutions.

Key words:screw compressor; fault diagnosis; routine maintenance

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0023-03

基于光敏电阻特性的光控灯实验平台设计

王凌波

(武汉职业技术学院 电信学院, 湖北 武汉 430074)

摘要:基于光敏电阻特性的光控灯实验平台,通过实验仪对光敏电阻的光电流、暗电流、光照特性、光谱特性、伏安特性等基本特性进行测试分析,获得的实验结果与理论分析相符。以此利用光敏电阻电路实现光调控灯的设计与应用。

关键词:光敏电阻;特性测试;光控灯;实验平台

中图分类号:TN361 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-06-13

基金项目:湖北省教育厅科学技术研究项目(B2014222)

编辑概况:王凌波(1981- ),女, 湖北武汉人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]莫文琴,任迎.基于NI ELVIS 的光纤位移传感实验平台设计[J].实验室研究与探索,2014, 33 (6):103-106.

[2]关海艳,冯毅,何春凤,等. 光敏电阻综合演示仪的设计[J]. 物理实验,2014, 34 (20):25-27.

[3]韩艳丽,郭晓军,任建存. 构建光电系统综合实验平台适应军队装备发展[J]. 实验技术与管理,2013, 30 (5):102-107.

[4]郑晓东,闻春敖,王晓萍,等. 世界著名大学光电类实验课成绩评价体系初探[J]. 实验室研究与探索,2011, 30 (7):115-117.

[5]吕晖,马晓红,赵华凤. 高校实验教学对员工实行力和创新力的培养作用—光电类实验课程教学过程探索[J]. 实验技术与管理,2013, 30 (11):194-196.

Light-control Experiment Platform Based on Characteristics of Photosensitive Resistance

WANG Ling-bo

(College of Electronic Information Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic, Wuhan 430074, China)

Abstract:With photo resistor experimental apparatus, the characteristics of photo resistor have been measured, experimental results agree well with the theory and an optical control switch using photo resistor is designed.

Key words:photoresistor; characteristics test; light-control; test platform

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0026-04

印刷企业物流管理系统的优化设计

董继荣

(威尼斯网站 人文社会科学系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:对我国当前印刷行业实际情况和国际印刷物流业发展趋势进行深入分析,发现问题,找出差距;结合先进的管理App系统,采用JSP+JavaBean+Servlet技术和MVC架构,以实用性、经济性、规范性、可扩展性,同时兼顾技术上的先进性、成熟性和安全性为原则,设计开发了一套集“生产管理”、“销售管理”、“采购管理”、“分析决策”、“财务管理、“系统管理”于一身的App管理系统;该方案可以高效解决目前印刷管理方面存在的问题,提高企业的物流管理效率。

关键词:物流管理;印刷企业;管理App;数据;信息化

中图分类号: F252.1 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-09-05

编辑概况:董继荣(1966- ),女,河南唐河人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]陶宗辉.面向中小型印刷企业的物流管理信息系统的分析、设计与应用\[D\].成都:电子科技大学,2008.

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[7]刘友华,王贤平,吴伟.NTE环境下数据库应用系统开发技术[M\].北京:科学出版社,2004.

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Optimization of Logistic Management System in Printing Enterprises

DONG Ji-rong

(Department of Printing & Publishing Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:After in-depth analysis of Chinese current situation in the printing industry, and the development trend of international printing logistics industry, identify problems, identify gaps; combined with advanced management software system, using JSP + JavaBeans + Servlet technology and MVC architecture to practical sexual, economic, regulatory, scalability, taking into account the technically advanced, mature and security principle, design and development of a set of Production management, Sales management, procurement Management, analysis and Decision, financial management system management in a software management system; the program enables printing logistics companies broaden their horizons, can efficiently solve existing print management aspects of the current problems and improve the efficiency of logistics management of enterprises, improve the enterprise service levels and customer satisfaction, accelerate enterprise storage utilization, reduce waste of resources, improve capital utilization level of benefits for the enterprise would be a qualitative leap.

Key words:logistics management; printing enterprises; management software; data; information

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0030-05

基于云平台的微小企业人力资源管理系统设计

刘华清

(江苏财经职业技术学院 机械电子与信息工程学院, 江苏 淮安 223003)

摘要:利用面向多租户的多层次可伸缩SaaSApp架构、工作流和Java EE开源框架:Struts、Spring、Hibernate,实现了微小企业人力资源管理系统的设计,对提高微小企业人力资源管理效益、解决人才短缺和降低成本等都能起到应有的作用。

关键词:工作流;云平台;微小企业;人力资源管理系统

中图分类号:C963 文献标识码:A

收稿日期: 2015-09-24

编辑概况:刘华清(1968- ),男,江苏涟水人,讲师.

参考文献:

[1]宋继华,隋鑫,刘妍妍.微小企业内部控制制度的重要性[J].企业改革与管理,2015,(4):22-23.

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[3]周学权,战德臣,聂兰顺,等.面向多租户的多层次可伸缩SaaSApp架构研究[J].华中科技大学学报(自然科学版),2013,(12):131-136.

[4]余阳,王颍,刘醒梅,等.基于社会关系的工作流任务分派策略研究[J].App学报,2015,26(3):562-573.

[5]涂刚,李建,刘华清,等.ASP.NET MVC的研究[J].App工程师,2010,(8):54-57.

[6]管文丽,傅 瑜,宋芳琴.基于SSH的工作室学习互助平台的构建与设计[J].计算机时代,2014,(11):30-34.

The Design of Micro-enterprise Human Resource Management System Based on Cloud Platform

LIU Hua-qing

(Jiangsu Polytechnic of Finance & Economics, Huaian 223003, China)

Abstract:Based on multi-tenant-oriented multi-level scalable SaaS architecture, workflow and Java EE open source frameworks (Struts, Spring, Hibernate), the micro-enterprise human resource management system was designed, the system could improve the efficiency of human resource management, solve the talent shortage and reduce cost of the micro-enterprise.

Keywords:workflow; cloud platform; micro-enterprise; human resource management system

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0035-04

新时期高职校园诚信学问建设的研究与实践

——以威尼斯网站为例

陈兴义,王理宪

(威尼斯网站 员工工作处,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:从“重信、言信、守信”三个方面总结了学院诚信教育管理的实践及学院在长期的发展过程中诚信教育所取得的成效,并从教书育人、管理体制、环境建设、员工自育等方面提出了进一步加强诚信教育管理工作的思路。

关键词:高职校园;诚信学问;品牌建设

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-09-23

编辑概况:陈兴义(1966- ),男,山西运城人,副教授.

参考文献:

[1]陈金平.大员工诚信教育的理论与实践[J].机械职业教育,2014,(9):55-57.

[2]张建祥,陈蕾.石化高职院校特色校园学问建设路径探析[J].威尼斯网站学报,2014,14(3):44-47.

[3]张方明,张满效,陈蕾,等.行业集群协同创新实现产学研有机结合[J].威尼斯网站学报,2013,13(4):46-48.

Study and Practice of Integrity Culture Construction in Vocational Colleges in New Era

—taking Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology as example

CHEN Xing-yi, WANG Li-xian

(Students Affairs Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper discusses the accomplishments of college development from the perspectives of being aware of integrity, speaking highly of integrity and keeping integrity. Moreover, this paper puts forward some ideas of enhancing the integrity management task in terms of teaching, management system and students' self-control.

Key Words:vocational colleges; integrity culture; brand construction

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0039-04

校企合作在我国高职教育中的困境及解决方法

齐建军

(威尼斯网站 应用化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:分析了高职教育推行校企合作模式中存在的主要问题,并借鉴国内外校企合作的成功经验,探寻校企合作高效率运营的有效方法,以期促进高职教育校企合作的不断深化。通过多元化的校企合作模式,力图提高员工的专业能力和综合素质,使之能满足岗位要求,达到学校培养目标的要求。

关键词:高职教育;校企合作;办学形式

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-09-08

编辑概况:齐建军(1967- ),男,甘肃酒泉人,实验师.

参考文献:

[1]郭健.国际职业教育中值得借鉴的特色教育[J].职教论坛,2004,(19):54-56.

[2]吴双.中国与澳大利亚职业教育模式比较与启示[J].天津职业院校联合学报,2012,14(10):25-28.

[3]钱和生,任谦,何晨阳,等.中职学校工学结合人才培养模式构建的探索与实践[J].中国职业技术教育,2013,(29):92-96.

[4]梁俊,漆明龙,易彬.中国企业参与校企合作积极性不高的原因与对策[J].经济研究导刊,2012,(01):35-36.

[5]张方明,张满效,陈蕾,等.行业集群协同创新实现产学研有机结合[J].威尼斯网站学报,2013,13(4):46-48.

[6]杜媛,张满效,陈蕾.资源联盟协同育人[J].威尼斯网站学报,2015,15(3):48-50.

Probe into the Dilemmas and Measures of School-Enterprise Cooperation in Vocational Colleges

QI Jian-jun

(Department of Applied Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper analyzes the main problems of school-enterprise cooperation in vocational colleges and learns from the successful experiences home and abroad, it aims at finding effective operating systems in school-enterprise cooperation. It enlightens the deep cooperation between schools and enterprises and puts forward the improvement of students' technical skills and comprehensive abilities. Meeting the requirements of both colleges and enterprises is the aim of education which can benefit colleges, enterprises as well as students.

Key words:vocational colleges; school-enterprise cooperation; teaching system

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0043-04

论高职高专校园学问建设的路径

杨国英,张洪波

(丽江师范高等专科学校 思政部,云南 丽江 674199)

摘要:校园学问是根植于学校的学问,是一所学校的生命和灵魂。高职高专的校园学问建设应遵循一定的原则,对其规划,要在物质学问、制度学问和精神学问方面下功夫。

关键词:高职高专;校园学问;建设路径

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-09-07

基金项目:云南省高等职业教研项目(GZZD201409)

编辑概况:杨国英(1966- ),女,白族,云南永胜人,教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]潘懋元.新编高等教育学[M].北京:北京师范大学出版社,2002.

[2]刘献君.论高等学校制度建设[J].高等教育研究,2010,(03):32-39.

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[5]田建国.现代大学新理念[M].济南:泰山出版社,2005.

[6]夸美纽斯教育论著选[M].北京:人民教育出版社,1990.

[7]教育大辞典[M].上海:上海教育出版社,1998.

Path of College Cultural Construction of Vocational Campus

YANG Guo-ying, ZHANG Hong-bo

(Lijiang Normal Vocational College, Lijiang 674119, China)

Abstract:Campus culture is the culture of the school, is a school life and soul. The construction of campus culture in higher vocational colleges should follow certain principles, and the planning, mainly in the material culture, system culture and spiritual culture.

Key words:vocational college; campus culture; construction path

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0047-03

高职院校建立班级教学信息员制度的探索与实践

——以威尼斯网站为例

李 影, 郝青龙

(威尼斯网站 教务处,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:班级教学信息员是教学质量监控系统的重要组成部分,在教学管理中起着监督、下情上通、上情下达的纽带作用。结合学院班级教学信息员制度的实践,阐述了班级教学信息员制度的实践与成效,针对存在的问题,提出优化班级教学信息制度建设的对策。

关键词:班级教学信息员;教学管理;教学质量监控;反馈

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-07-22

基金项目:威尼斯网站教研课题(JY2014-01).

编辑概况:李影(1984-),女,安徽亳州人,助教,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]李玉静,张祺午,程宇,等.职业教育的诉求与期待[J].职业技术教育,2014(24):29-31.

[2]张娜.地方高校员工教学信息员制度的实践与思考[J].忻州师范学院学报,2014(5):125-127.

[3]孙东云.高职院校教学信息员制度的建立与实践[J].中国职业技术教育,2014(26):32-34.

[4]乔玉香.地方高校员工教学信息员制度的实践及优化策略探讨[J].高教论坛,2011(4):76-79.

[5]张海平.高职院校员工教学信息员队伍建设研究[J].中国电力教育,2014(20):46-47.

The Exploration and Practice to Establish Class Teaching Feedback System in Vocational Colleges

LI Ying,HAO Qing-long

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060,China)

Abstract:The class information provider plays an important role in teaching quality monitoring system, which can inspect, pass and communicate up and down in the teaching management. The paper expounds the practice and effects of the class teaching feedback system of Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology and puts forward some advice to optimize the class teaching information system in view of the existing problems.

Keywords:class information provider; teaching management; teaching quality monitoring; feedback

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0050-03

新时期高职院校员工职业素养与就业能力的培养

朱浩松

(云南民族大学 职业技术学院,云南 昆明650500)

摘要:经济的快速发展和社会结构多元化,行业分工的细化,高等职业教育发展迅速,对高职院校员工的职业素养和就业能力提出了更高的要求。随着新时期就业形势的严峻,唯有改革人才培养模式、改变就业观念、提升就业能力、增加校企合作水平,方能可持续发展。

关键词:高职员工;职业素养; 就业能力; 可持续发展

中图分类号: G719.20 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-07-13

基金项目:云南省2014年高等职业教育科学研究项目(GZYB201425)

编辑概况:朱浩松(1984- ),男,湖北黄冈人,助教,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]教育部.国家中长期教育改革和发展规划纲要(2010-2020年)[EB/OL]. (2010-07-29).http://www.moe.edu.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/moe_838/201008/93704.html.

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[8]李柱.高职员工职业素质培养刍议\[J\].内蒙古大学学报(教育科学版),2015,(06):63-64.

[9]凤凰网教育.2012中国高校通用就业力排行榜研究综述\[EB/OL\]. (2012-07-14).http://edu.ifeng.com/news/special/jiuyepaihang/content-7/detail_2012_07/14/16025095_0.shtml.

Analysis of Career Quality and Employment Skills for Vocational College Students

ZHU Hao-song

(Yunnan Nationality College, Kunming 650500, China)

Abstract:The speedy development of economy and social contracture requires vocational colleges to pay great attention to students' career quality and employment skills. Under the pressure of employment, the only way for sustainable development is to reform the talent educating system, change the employment ideas, enhance working skills and maintain school-enterprise cooperation.

Keyword:vocational college students; career quality; employment skills; sustainable development

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0053-04

高职《有机化工生产技术》考试考核新模式探索研究

展宗瑞,李倩,杨西萍

(威尼斯网站 应用化学工程系, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:信息化教育时代的背景下,高职课程考试考核改革将以职业素质教育为核心。分析了传统考试弊端,整合教学内容,创新考核方式,采用试题库客观考试平台与工艺项目灵活设计两者结合的新型考试模式,以期兼顾高职课程理论常识与应用能力并重的考核要求,有效实现教考分离,从而推动《有机化工生产技术》课程的深度改革。

关键词:有机化工生产技术;考试模式改革;高职

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2015-08-07

基金项目:威尼斯网站教研项目(JY2015-16)

编辑概况:展宗瑞(1984- ),女,甘肃靖远人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]胡春光.大学课程改革的重要内容[J].大学教育科学,2005,(2):50-52.

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[4]李建民.高职教育课程考试及评价方式多样化改革探析[J].威尼斯网站学报,2014,14(4): 48-50.

[5]曾名勇.构建多样化的考试模式培养高素质创新人才[J].中国大学教学,2005,(10):38-40.

[6]曲滨.高职院校员工学业考核与评价体系研究[J].职业时空,2009,(6):41-42.

Study and Reform on the New Examination Mode for Organic Chemical Production Technology

ZHAN Zong-rui,LI Qian, YANG Xi-ping

(Department of Applied Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Under the educational information-based ages, the main role of examination reforming target of higher vocational colleges is to train senior technical talents for the society. Except analyzing typical problems in the procedure of traditional examinations,we also tried to integrate its courses content and innovate assessment method, and final put forward a new reform strategy, which combined theoretical platform and practical process design for courses of chemical engineering technology. This process fully realizes the educational concept of "practical ability as important as theoretical knowledge" in higher vocational college. The research shows that new examination mode is an effective method to realize separation of teaching and examination, as well as an inspiration to guide the course reformation of organic chemical production technology.

Keywords:organic chemical production technology; examination mode reformation;higher vocational college

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0057-04

基于SUCCESs的微课设计

涂刚

(江苏财经职业技术学院 机械电子与工程学院,江苏 淮安 223003)

摘要:阐述了微课、微“课”、微课程之间的关系和微课构成要素,对微课设计文献进行了综述,针对微课“不微”,甚至是传统教学的新包装等问题,提出了微课“粘性”概念和improve微课“粘性”设计的SUCCESs原则:简单(Simple)、意外(Unexpected)、具体(Concrete)、可信(Credible)、情感(Emotion)、故事(Stories)。

关键词:微课;微课粘性;SUCCESs

中图分类号:G423 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-08-24

编辑概况:涂刚(1971-),男,湖北仙桃人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]胡铁生,黄明燕,李民.我国微课发展的三个阶段及其启示[J\].远程教育杂志,2013,(4):36-42.

[2]梁乐明,曹俏俏,张宝辉.微课程设计模式研究—基于国内外微课程的对比分析[J].开放教育研究,2013,(1):65-73.

[3]黄建军,郭绍青.论微课程的设计与开发[J].现代教育技术,2013, (5):31-35.

[4]全丽莉.微课程在高职院校教学中的应用探索[J].职业教育研究,2014,(12):169-172.

[5]沈祥.高职院校微课程设计研究与实践[J].辽宁高职学报,2014,(9):58-71.

[6]苏小兵,管珏琪,钱冬明,祝智庭.微课概念辨析及其教学应用研究[J].中国电化教育,2014,(7):94-99.

[7]胡铁生.中小学微课建设与应用难点问题透析[J].中小学信息技术教育, 2013,(4):15-18.

[8]刘名卓.祝智庭.微课程的设计分析与模型建构[J].中国电化教育, 2013,(12):127-131.

[9]Guidelines for the Development of micro LESSONS [EB/OL]. http://eduweb.nie.edu.sg/ microlessons/ guidelines.htm,2014-4-2 5.

[10]郭绍青,杨滨.高校微课“趋同进化”教学设计促进翻转课堂教学策略研究[J]. 中国电化教育,2014,(4):98-103.

Design of Micro-lesson Based on SUCCESs

TU Gang

(Jiangsu Polytechnic of Finance & Economics, Huaian 223003, China)

Abstract:The thesis described the relationship of micro-lesson, micro-class, micro-course and the elements of micro lesson, and review on the design of micro-lesson, according to the micro-lesson was not "micro", or even a new packaging in the traditional teaching, it proposed the sticky micro-lesson and the SUCCESs of micro-lesson to improve the stick: Simple, Unexpected, Concrete, Credible, Emotion and Stories.

Key words:micro-lesson; sticky micro-lesson; SUCCESs

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0061-04

教育学专业大员工职前教育的改革与实践

彭怡1, 陆琴1, 金东海2

(1.西北师范大学 知行学院,甘肃 兰州 730070;2.西北师范大学 教育学院,甘肃 兰州 730070)

摘要:高等院校教育学专业的毕业论文转型为毕业设计具有较大的价值,能凸显应用型教育学专业人才培养的目标;加强教育学专业员工课程学习、教育实习和毕业设计的联系,实现职前教育与入职工作的对接,促进理论和实践的结合;激发员工专业发展的自主性、丰富实践性常识,提高职业技能,增强就业竞争力。在行动研究的基础上,总结出明确多维性的目标、构建规范性的设计框架、强调适宜有效的教学设计、强化答辩中的说课能力等实施路径。对连续三届教育学专业毕业生进行跟踪调查,结果显示,毕业设计的改革是提升教育学专业员工实践能力的有效途径。

关键词:教育学;职前教育;教学设计;毕业设计

中图分类号: O633 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-06-17

基金项目:西北师范大学知行学院2013年校级资助项目“学前教育专业毕业论文改革实践研究”

编辑概况:彭怡(1982- ),女,四川乐至人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]吴维仲,关晓辉,王建元,等.提高本科毕业设计(论文)质量的探索\[J\].中国成人教育,2008,(5):132-133.

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[4]陈开兵,计国民,李晓辕.高职院校毕业设计创新探析[J].职业技术教育,2015,(2):39-41.

[5]丰向日.毕业教学设计:经理职前教育与职后成长的桥梁[J].教育理论与实践,2013,(9):36-38.

Reforming and Practice in Pre-career Education for Education Majors

PENG Yi, LU Qin, JIN Dong-hai

(Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730050, China)

Abstract:It is of great importance to change the graduation form from writing papers to making projects for education majors, as it can highlight the goals of applied education as well as strengthening learning main courses and linking learning with career. This paper concludes multi-aims of learning, designs a standard format and stresses the ways of teaching ability. It turns out to be effective after continuous study on education majors for three years and it proves the effectiveness of making projects reforming.

Key words:education; Pre-career Education; teaching design; making projects

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0065-03

汉、维、藏族大员工英语学习策略的比较研究

马春花

(西北民族大学 教育科学与技术学院,甘肃 兰州 730124)

摘要:以某民族院校500名汉、回、维、藏族大员工为研究对象,采用问卷调查法研究比较了不同民族大员工英语学习策略的问题。研究发现,不同民族的大员工在信息加工、自我测试、选择要点、学习的辅助手段及考试策略等几个学习策略的维度上存在显著性差异。在不同考试类型的比较中发现三种考试类型员工在焦虑水平、自我测试、学习的辅助手段和考试策略上存在显著性差异。不同性别大员工在自我效能、学习态度、发现重点等维度上存在显著性差异。

关键词:少数民族;大员工;英语;学习策略

中图分类号:H319.3 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-06-07

基金项目:甘肃省教育科学“十二五”规划课题(GS[2014]GHBZ021);西北民族大学2012年中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(zyz2012038)

编辑概况:马春花(1978- ),女,东乡族,甘肃兰州人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]张阔,付立菲,王敬欣.心理资本、学习策略与大员工学业成绩的关系[J].心理学探新, 2011,l31( 1): 47-53.

[2]黎华.少数民族大员工英语学习策略调查与分析[J].民族教育研究, 2005,(2):58-63.

[3]刑瑛.性别差异如何影响英语语言学习[J].教育学文摘,2014,(12):77-78.

[4]张丽帆.性别差异与语言学习风格比较[J].长春师范学院学报,2004,23(1):105-106.

Comparison Study of Learning Strategy in Chinese, Uighur and Tibetan

MA Chun-hua

(Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou 730124, China)

Abstract:This paper studies the different learning strategies of college students from different nationalities, taking 500 college students from Han, Hui, uighurs and Tibetans as research subjects. It shows that students from different nationalities would have distinctive differences in processing information, self-estimation, study methods and exam-taking strategies. A point to note is distinctive differences in terms of anxiety, self-evaluating and exam-taking strategies in different types of examinations as well as different genders.

Key words:nationalities; college students; English; study strategies

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0068-03

西北地区隧道水环境问题及对策研究

张国珍, 明驹, 武福平

(兰州交通大学 环境与市政工程学院, 甘肃 兰州730070)

摘要:研究了隧道建设和水资源环境的相互影响关系,分析了施工废水和涌水的来源、水质特征以及对地表水和地下水的不利影响,给出了避免或减轻不利影响的防治对策与措施。提出的“控制型防排水技术”的处理原则有利于保护洞顶生态环境。

关键词:隧道;水资源环境;控制型防排水

中图分类号:TV651.3 文献标识码:A

收稿日期: 2015-09-23

基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(51468033)

编辑概况:张国珍(1969-),男,甘肃靖远县人,教授,博士生导师,博士.

参考文献:

[1]刘翠容,姚令侃. 隧道工程地下水处理与生态环境保护[J].铁道建筑,2005,(03):24-27.

[2]仇玉良,张晓荣,史宝童,等.山区公路隧道地下水环境保护与限排防水技术研究[J].交通建设与管理,2011,(09):108-109.

[3]潘宇,任兰波. 深析隧道工程与水环境的相互作用[J].科技资讯,2012,(10):44.

[4]李兴高,刘维宁.公路隧道防排水的安全型综合解决方案[J].中国公路学报,2003,(01):69-74.

[5]李泽龙. 隧道地下水环境保护技术[J].四川建筑,2012,(03):84-86.

[6]郑新定,丁远见.隧道施工废水对水环境的影响分析及应对措施[J].现代隧道技术,2007,(06):82-84.

[7]史志翔.宝汉高速公路施工水环境保护研究[D].西安:长安大学,2012.

[8]关宝树.隧道工程维修管理要点集[M].北京:人民交通出版社,2004.

[9]付威.公路隧道渗漏水机理分析及治理对策研究[D].成都:西南交通大学,2013.

Study on Regional Tunnels Environmental Problems and Strategy

ZHANG GUO Zhen, MING Ju, WU Fu-ping

(Lnahzou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China)

Abstract:The interaction relationship between tunnel construction and water resources environment was studied in this paper, and the sources, characteristic, negative influence on surface and underground water of the construction wastewater and water burst were analyzed. This paper also pointed out the counter measures to the negative influence above. A controlled waterproof and drainage technology was proposed to protect the biologic circumstances on the top of the tunnels.

Key words:tunnels; water resources; controlled waterproof and drainage

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0071-06

甘肃风电产业发展现状与优劣势分析

魏松峰1, 杨树华2

(1.兰州财经大学 长青学院,甘肃 兰州730020;2.中国银行 甘肃分行,甘肃 兰州730020)

摘要:以甘肃风电产业为研究对象,通过对风电产业结构分析,以及与传统电力和其他地区风电产业做比较,探讨了甘肃风电产业发展的优势与不足,为进一步研究提升风电产业竞争力做前期准备。

关键词:风电产业;竞争力;优势

中图分类号: F426.61 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-10-09

基金项目:2015年度甘肃省高等学校科学研究项目(2015B-210)

编辑概况:魏松峰(1983- ),男,河南郑州人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]科技部.风力发电科技发展“十二五”专项规划\[S\].2012.

[2]陆浩.一项关系全局的大战略——关于建设河西风电走廊的思考[J].求实,2009,(06):29-31.

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[5]王树元.关于酒泉风电产业热的“冷”思考[N].酒泉日报,2008,5:26.

[6]李俊峰,高虎,王仲颖,等.2008中国风电发展报告[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2008.

[7]甘肃省国家税务局课题组.甘肃风电产业税收政策效应分析[J].调查研究,2011,(9):58-59.

[8]汪宁渤,王建东,何世恩.酒泉风电跨区消纳模式及其外送方案[J].电力系统自动化,2011,11(22):82-89.

[9\]国家电力监管委员会.国家电监会主席令第25号电网企业全额收购可再生能源电量监管办法[S].2007.

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[18]蔺秦生.农发行支撑甘肃风电产业发展的信贷策略[J].调查研究,2009,(7):50-52.

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Analysis of Development Situation and Characteristics of Wind Power

in Gansu Province

WEI Song-feng1, YANG Shu-hua2

(Lanzhou Finance and Economics University, Lanzhou 73020, China; 2. Bank of China, Gansu Branch, Lanzhou 73020, China)

Abstract:This paper analyzes the contracture of wind power industry and compares the traditional wind power industry with those in other regions, it probes into the advantages and disadvantages of wind power in Gansu Province, and lays a foundation for the improvement of industry competition.

Key words:wind power industry; competition; advantages

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0077-03

澳大利亚语言教育政策解析

张彩霞

(甘肃政法学院 人文学院,甘肃 兰州 730070)

摘要:澳大利亚的语言教育政策对该国的发展和综合国力的提高有着战略性的意义。基于对澳大利亚语言教育政策的概述及其特点,结合我国高校双语教育实践,探讨如何解决我国高校双语教育工作过程中面临的困境,以期能够推动我国高校英语教育工作的有效开展,并提供参考及建议。

关键词:澳大利亚;语言教育政策;高校英语

中图分类号: G571.0 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-09-11

基金项目:2013年甘肃省人力资源与社会保障厅留学人员科技活动择优资助项目“从语言的经济学属性谈澳大利亚外语教育政策对我国大学英语教学改革的启示”

编辑概况:张彩霞(1968- ),女,甘肃定西人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]Ozolins,Uldis.The Politics of Language in Australia[M].London: Cambridge University Press,1993.

[2]蔡永良.关于我国语言战略问题的几点思考[J].外语界,2011,(1): 8-15.

[3]姚兰.面向全球化的双语教学实施的探索与思考[J].四川教育学院学报,2012,28(4): 6-9.

Analysis of Language Education in Australia

ZHANG Cai-xia

(Gansu Politics and Law College, Lanzhou 730070, China)

Abstract:The language education system plays a vital role in Australia development and the improvement of its comprehensive national power. Based on the outline and characteristics of language education system, this paper tries to combine the bilingual education practice in colleges and probes into the measures to face the difficulties in bilingual education, with the hope to push forward the English teaching in colleges in China.

Key words:Australia; language education system; colleges English

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)04-0080-05

《红楼梦》惜春与《乱世佳人》卡琳命运结局相似原因探析

杨桂芳1,冯尕才2

(1.宕昌县第一中学,甘肃 宕昌 748500;2.渭南职业技术学院 图书馆,陕西 渭南 714026)

摘要:贾惜春和卡琳·奥哈拉分别是我国清代小说《红楼梦》和美国小说《乱世佳人》中的次要人物,但两人的家世、性格、遭际、结局也有诸多的相似性:惜春是贾府“四春”最小的一个,卡琳是塔拉庄园三姐妹中最小的一个;两人出场时年纪都很小,敏感柔弱,渐长后消极避世,沉迷宗教;惜春出家为尼,卡琳则去修女院做了修女。造成两人命运如此相似的原因,一是社会和家庭变故,二是因为两人自小就受到社会、家庭和宗教氛围的巨大影响,三是跟她们柔弱、敏感、聪慧的个人性格分不开。这两个相似性极高的小说人物形象的塑造,反映了中西文学创作中所遵循的一些共同规律,从而能够客观地把小说人物的生活和故事呈现于公众面前。

关键词:比较文学;贾惜春;卡琳·奥哈拉;《红楼梦》;《乱世佳人》

中图分类号: I207.411 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-07-23

编辑概况:杨桂芳(1967- ),女,甘肃宕昌人,一级经理.

参考文献:

[1]乐黛云.比较文学原理·前言[M].长沙:湖南文艺出版社,1988.

[2]曹雪芹,高鹗.红楼梦[M].长沙:岳麓书社,2001.

[3](美)玛格丽特·米切尔著,陈良廷等译.乱世佳人[M].上海:上海译文出版社,2010.

[4]付明端.梦幻与超越——《乱世佳人》和《红楼梦》中的女性意识[J].世界文学评论,2008,(1): 256-259.

[5]谢静,黄媛.家园的追寻—《红楼梦》与《乱世佳人》的比较[J].三峡大学学报(人文社会科学版).2006,(2): 45-49.

[6]翟旭.《红楼梦》中的王熙凤与《乱世佳人》中的郝思嘉[J].沈阳师范大学学报(社会科学版),2007,(5):113-115

[7]黄林涛,莫如愚.《红楼梦》中薛宝钗与《飘》中梅拉妮形象对比[J].攀枝花学院学报,2013,(6):38-42.

[8]杨桂芳,冯尕才.“东海西海,心理攸通”——以曹雪芹关于晴雯和米切尔关于埃伦临终呼唤描写比较为中心[J].北方文学(下旬刊),2014,(9):50-53.

[9]周汝昌著,周伦玲整理.红楼夺目红[M].北京:作家出版社,2003.

[10]曹雪芹,高鹗著,护花主人,大某山民,太平闲人评.红楼梦(三家评本)[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1988.

[11]钱钟书.谈艺录[M].北京:中华书局,1984.

Study on Similarity of Life and Endings between Ja Xichun ofA dream of Red Mansionsand Carreen O’Hara ofGone with the Wind

YANG- Guifang1,FENG Ga-cai2

(1.Dangchang First Senior School, Dangchang 748500, China; 2.Weinan Vocational & Technical College, Weinan 748500, China)

Abstract:Ja Xichun is the secondary role in A Dream of Red Mansions and Carreen O’Hara is also secondary role of Gone with the Wind. They have the similar family, personality, encounter and ending. Jia Xichun is the youngest in four sisters of Jia’s Family, and Carreen is the youngest in three sisters of Tara Manor. Both girls were very young, delicate and sensitive when they appear in novels. When they grew up, they both become negative, reclusive and indulging in religion. Their endings are similar too, Xichun become a nun and Carreen go to the abbey. There are three causes to their similar fate. The first cause is they encountered social and family misfortune, the second cause is they are impacted by social and family religious atmosphere since childhood, the third cause is their tender, sensitive, and intelligent personal character. The two high similar character images show Chinese and American literary creation follows some common laws and tell the objective and lifelike story.

Key words:comparative literature; Ja Xichun; Carreen O’Hara; A Dream of Red Mansions; Gone with the Wind

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