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2015年6月 第15卷 第2期《威尼斯网站学报》

编辑: 时间:2015-09-21 点击数:

威尼斯网站学报 No.2 Vol.15 2015年第2期(总第71期)

目次

【工程技术研究与应用】

生态沟渠处理分散养猪冲洗水特性研究 肖 宇,武福平,周 旋,夏 传(01)

纳米SiO2改性氟碳防锈乳液的制备研究 王有朋,唐蓉萍,李薇,石星丽,吕维华,罗资琴 (06)

油酸三乙醇胺皂化物的合成 甘黎明 (09)

水平井开发现状及治理方向探讨 文 莹,李家旺,王西强(12)

烯烃装置乙烯/丙烯压缩机GB501/601润滑油泵控制方式优化 王群峰,王 挺,张伟星,孙建海(16)

20GK抗HIC管道的焊接质量控制 王益铭 (19)

分层拼装法快速绘制复杂装配图 赵丹(22)

基于模糊逻辑的洗衣机洗涤时间控制研究 陈宏希,安东伟(25)

多传感器数据关联优化探讨 李金明(29)

西部原油评价数据模型的建立及应用系统的开发 蒲晓妮,彭 娟,张远欣(32)

VMI在电商模式下优化策略的效果实现 赵 丽 (36)

基于种群竞争模型的移动操作系统市场预测研究 任娟娟 (39)

【职业技术教育研究与管理】

高职院校外语专业面向社会开展职业培训业务的途径研究 田灵兴,王鹏(43)

高职院校大员工法律素质的实证研究 冶刚,郭霆(47)

高职院校大员工核心价值观培育的路径探索与实践创新 夏德强,呼小洲,王智博(51)

高职院校“双师双专型”班主任工作探析 郝跃宁,王自荣,王使璋,陈 蕾(54)

理工类员工身体素质与实践动手能力关系的调查研究 高鹏革(57)

【教学研究与改革】

从德育课程改革的视角谈构建职业学校法律教育体系 庞清秀(62)

高职营销与策划专业课程体系重构的研究 杨静(65)

学问习得的反思与大学外语教学的重构研究 唐利芹 (68)

甘肃高校开设桥牌选修课的建议及对策研究 马克联(72)

【人文社会科学研究】

甘肃省现代服务业发展影响因素的实证研究 张静,王生鹏(75)

我国基建财务管理中常见问题及对策研究 袁月仲 (80)

【消息报道】

我院员工代表甘肃省参加全国化工生产技术大赛荣获一等奖(31)

我院代表队在全国职业院校技能大赛化工设备维修赛项中勇夺一等奖(53)

我院员工在第六届“蓝桥杯”App专业人才设计与创业大赛全国总决赛中荣获佳绩(61)

甘肃省大中专院校桥牌赛在我院举行(67)

我院代表队在首届甘肃省大员工财务技能及ERP应用能力竞赛中喜获佳绩(71)

CONTENTS

Study on Characteristics of Ecological Ditch Rinse Water Treatment in Raising Pigs XIAO Yu, WU Fu-ping, ZHOU Xuan, XIA Chuan(1)

Synthesis of NM SiO2 Collide Modified of Fluorocarbon Antirust Emulsion WANG You-Peng, TANG Rong-Ping, LI Wei, SHI Xing-Li, LV Wei-Hua, LUO Zi-Qing(6)

Synthesis and Application of Oleic Acid Esterified Triethanolamine GAN Li-ming(9)

Discussion on Current Situation and Management Direction of Horizontal Well Development WEN Ying, LI Jia-wang, WANG Xi-qiang(12)

Optimization of Control Method of Lubrication Pump in Propylene Refrigeration Compressor and Ethylene Refrigeration Compressor on Olefin Equipment WANG Qun-feng, WANG Ting, ZHANG Wei-xing, SUN Jian-hai(16)

20 GK HIC Pipeline Resistance Welding Quality Control WANG Yi-ming(19)

Fast Drawing Complex Assembly by the Method of Layered Assembly ZHAO Dan(22)

The Research of Washing Time Control Based on Fuzzy Logic CHEN Hong-xi, AN Dong-wei(25)

Multi-sensor Data Correlation Optimization LI Jin-ming (29)

Building Data Model and Creating Application System of Western Crude Oil PU Xiao-ni, PENG Juan, ZHANG Yuan-xin(32)

VMI Optimization Strategy in Achieving Environmental Effects of E- business Mode ZHAO Li(36)

Study on the Mobile OS Market Based on Population Competition Model REN Juan- juan(39)

Study of the Ways of Social Vocational Training for Foreign-language Majors in Vocational College TIAN Ling-xing, WANG Peng(43)

An Empirical Study on the Legal Quality of Vocational College Students YE Gang, GUO Ting(47)

Method Exploration and Practice Innovation for the Cultivation of Vocational College Students’Core Value XIA De-qiang,HU Xiao-zhou, WANG Zhi-bo(51)

Probe into Work of Head Teachers with Double-certificate and Double-profession in Vocational Colleges HAO Yue-ning, WANG Zi-rong, WANG Shi-zhang, CHEN Lei(54)

Study on Relation between Physical Fitness and Practical Ability of Science and Engineering Students GAO Peng-ge(57)

Discussion on Vocational College Law Teaching System Construction from the Perspective of Moral Education Curriculum Reform PANG Qing-xiu(62)

Analysis on Higher Vocational Reform of Curriculum System Reconstruction in Marketing and Planning Major YANG Jing(65)

A Study of Reflection of Culture Acquisition and Reconstruction of College Foreign Language Teaching TANG Li-qin(68)

Suggestions and Countermeasure Research of Bridge Elective Course in Gansu Vocational Colleges MA Ke-lian(72)

Empirical Study on the Influential Factors of Service Industry Development in Gansu Province ZHANG Jing, WANG Sheng-peng(75)

Study on Problems and Countermeasures of Financial Management in Infrastructure Construction in China YUAN Yue-zhong(80)

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0001-05

生态沟渠处理分散养猪冲洗水特性研究

肖宇1,2,3,武福平1,周旋1,夏传1

(1.兰州交通大学 环境与市政工程学院,甘肃 兰州 730070;2.中国环境科学研究院 水污染控制技术研究中心,北京 100012;3. 中国环境科学研究院 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室,北京 100012)

摘要:为强化去除分散养猪冲洗水中的有机物和营养元素,基于生物沸石吸附-再生和固体碳源强化反硝化技术,构建多级生态沟渠系统,并考察其间歇运行性能及水力负荷对系统的影响。结果表明,多级沟渠进一步处理分散养猪冲洗水(先经序批式ABR处理),出水平均COD、氨氮(NH+4-N)、总氮(TN)和总磷(TP)分别为192.0、25.74、60.64和2.63mg/L,符合畜禽养殖业污染物排放标准。进水流量为5L/d时,2号沟渠平均硝酸盐氮(NO-3-N)累积量为75 mg/L左右,NH+4-N去除量为65 mg/L左右,二者大致平衡;稻秆充足时,3号沟渠对NO-3-N的去除量为80 mg/L左右。

关键词:生态沟渠;分散养猪冲洗水;生物沸石;脱氮;固体碳源

中图分类号:X703.1 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-04-05

基金项目:国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAJ21B01-02);中国博士后科学基金(2012M520351)

编辑概况:肖宇(1990-),男,湖南衡阳人,硕士生.

参考文献:

[1]中华人民共和国环境保护部,中华人民共和国国家统计局,中华人民共和国农业部.第一次全国污染源普查公报[R].2010.

[2]肖军.畜牧养殖对环境的污染与防治对策[J].当代畜牧,2014,(35):9-10.

[3]李敏,陈滢,刘敏,等.畜禽养殖废水沼液生物脱氮的影响因素研究[J].环境工程,2015,(04):20-24.

[4]杨晓红,常艳春,林琳,等.老虎潭水库水体富营养化状况及成因调查[J].浙江农业科学,2014,(1):105-107.

[5]方颖,赵敏燕,吴以中,等.不同模式下的畜禽养殖污染减排绩效评估[J].环境经济,2014,(05):47-49.

[6]鄢璐,王世和,钟秋爽,等.强化供氧条件下潜流型人工湿地运行特性[J].环境科学,2007,28(4): 737-741.

[7]殷芳芳,王淑莹,昂雪野,等.碳源类型对低温条件下生物反硝化的影响[J].环境科学,2009,30(1):108-113

[8]Peng YZ, Ma Y, Wang S Y.Denitrification potential enhancement by addition of external carbon sources in a pre-denitrification process[J].Environ Sci,2007,19(3):284-289.

[9]Elefsiniotis P,Wareham DG,SmithMO.Use of volatile fatty acids from an acid-phase digester for denitrification[J]. Journal of Biotechnology,2004,114(3):289-297.

[10]王岩,王建国,李伟,等.三种类型农田排水沟渠氮磷拦截效果比较[J].土壤,2009,41(6):902-906.

[11]国家环保总局.水和废水监测方法[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.

[12]赵庆良,李湘中.垃圾渗滤液中的氨氮对微生物活性的抑制作用[J].环境污染与治理,1998,20(6): 1-4.

[13]肖海文,邓荣森,翟俊,等.溶解氧对人工湿地处理受污染城市河流水体效果的影响[J].环境科学,2006,27(12):2426-2431.

[14] GB18596-2001.畜禽养殖业污染物排放标准[S].

[15]侯卫龙,周鸿翔,施加春,等.碳源、温度及水力停留时间对地下水硝酸盐的去除效果[J].浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版),2004,40(3):314-321.

Study on Characteristics of Ecological Ditch Rinse Water Treatment in Raising Pigs

XIAO Yu1,2,3, WU Fu-ping1, ZHOU Xuan1, XIA Chuan1

(1. Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China; 2. Water Pollution Control Research Center, Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 100012, China; 3. National Key Laboratory of Environment Risk Evaluation, Academy of Environmental Science, Beijing 100012, China)

Abstract:To intensively remove the organics and nutrient elements in pig-raising rinse water, we apply the biozeolite regeneration ability and solid carbon source denitrification techniques to build multistage ecological ditch system; moreover, we study the performance and effect as well. It turns out that the average COD, NH+4-N, TN and TP are 192.0, 25.74, 60.64 and 2.63mg/L respectively, which accord with the livestock and poultry industry pollution discharge standard. When the feed water is 5L/d, the average NO-3-N in the second ditch is about 75 mg/L and the removal of NH+4-N is 65 mg/L, which could keep a balance. On the condition of enough rice straw, the removal of NO-3-N is 80 mg/L.

Key words:ecological ditch; pig-raising rinse water; biozeolite; denitrification; solid carbon source

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0006-03

纳米SiO2改性氟碳防锈乳液的制备研究

王有朋,唐蓉萍, 李薇,石星丽, 吕维华, 罗资琴

(威尼斯网站 石油化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:应用纳米SiO2胶体、含单宁酸活性单体、丙烯酸类及含氟单体合成了氟碳防锈乳液。该乳液及其涂膜具有较好的综合性能。该防锈乳液与普通苯丙乳液相比具有更优异的防锈性能和涂膜硬度。

关键词:氟碳乳液; 水性防锈涂料; 单宁酸

中图分类号:TQ635.2 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-01-22

基金项目:甘肃省教育厅高等学校科研项目(2013A-142)

编辑概况:王有朋(1980- ),男,回族,宁夏同心人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1] 陈中华,刘文杰,等.水性多功能带锈防锈涂料的研制[J].电镀与涂饰,2013,32 (12):68-72.

[2]王有朋,等.坡缕石乳化沥青防水涂料的制备[J].新型建筑材料, 2009(3):66-69.

[3]姚致远, 黄荣荣.一种新型水性环保防锈涂料的研制.江苏工业学院学报[J].2007,19(1):66-69.

[4]王云普,高敬民等.纳米纳米SiO2改性核壳型含羟基氟碳乳液的合成及性能研究[J].涂料工业,2005,35(3):17-20.

[5]杨 超,王云普,郭金山等.环境友好型氟碳导电涂料的研究[J],涂料工业,2007(7):1-5.

[6]柯扬船,皮特·斯壮.聚合物-无机纳米复合材料[M].北京:化学工业出版社, 2003:5-24.

[7]黄 河,马道林,张 丽,等. 水性带锈转锈涂料最新研究进展[J]. 现代涂料与涂装, 2010,13(10):33-36.

Synthesis of NM SiO2Collide Modified of Fluorocarbon Antirust Emulsion

WANG You-Peng, TANG Rong-Ping, LI Wei, SHI Xing-Li, LV Wei-Hua, LUO Zi-Qing

(Department of Petrochemical Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:In this paper, Fluorocarbon antirust emulsion was synthesized by means of emulsion copolymerization using ethenyl tannic acid as functional monomers, as well as methacrylic acid and hexafluorobutyl acrylate. The coating film turns out to provide better antirust property, compared with conventional styrene-acrylate emulsion.

Key words:fluorocarbon emulsion; waterborne antirust coating; tannic acid

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0009-03

油酸三乙醇胺皂化物的合成

甘黎明

(威尼斯网站 石油化学工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:采用单因素控制变量法,以扣除酸值后的皂化值为评价指标,研究了反应配比、反应温度、反应时间对合成油酸三乙醇胺皂化物的影响。结果表明,油酸和三乙醇胺配比为1.2∶1(mol/mol)、温度为130 ℃、反应时间为3h时,反应达到平衡时体系中油酸三乙醇胺皂化物的含量最多。利用合成的油酸三乙醇胺皂化物调配成的水基润滑油符合相关要求。

关键词:油酸三乙醇胺;皂化值;酸值;反应配比;反应温度;反应时间

中图分类号:TQ226.38 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-03-17

编辑概况:甘黎明(1964- ),男,甘肃永登人,副教授.

参考文献:

[1]李东光.润滑油脂配方与生产[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2012.

[2]胡晓兰,梁国正.硼酸三乙醇胺酯的合成及表征[J].高分子材料科学与工程,2004,30(2):69-72.

[3]蔡洪浩.环保型切削液的研制及其工作机理的研究[D].无锡:江南大学,2007:2-5.

[4]蔡博儒,谭树荣,吴席信,等.油酸醇胺的润滑效应[J].化学世界,1981,(11):327-329.

Synthesis and Application of Oleic Acid Esterified Triethanolamine

GAN Li-ming

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:The single factor controlling variables method, with saponification value after deducting acid value evaluation, study on the reaction ratio,reaction temperature, reaction time on synthesis of triethanolamine oleate. The results show that the oleic acid and triethanolamine ratio of 1.2∶1 (mol/mol), a temperature of 130 ℃, reaction time was 3h, the most abundant system of oleic acid esterified triethanolamine reaction equilibrium. The use of synthetic esterified oleic acid triethanolamine deployment of water-based lubricants meets the relevant requirements.

Key words:triethanolamine oleate; saponification value; acid value; reaction ratio; reaction temperature; reaction time

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0012-04

水平井开发现状及治理方向探讨

文莹1, 李家旺2,王西强1

(1.长庆油田第七采油厂地质研究所,陕西 西安 710200;2.西安石油大学石油工程学院,陕西 西安 710065 )

摘要:水平井增加了油藏的接触面积,具有单井控制储量多、泄油面积大、产能高、油藏适应能力强等优势,水平井开发技术适用于油田开发的全过程,是提高油井产量、油田采收率和开发效益的一项重要技术。某采油厂目前水平井开井98口,日产油水平358t,已成为该采油厂增产增效的重要支撑,而目前98口水平井平均单井日产油3.7t,表现出单井产量低的特征。通过进一步剖析水平井低产的原因,提出增产措施是目前面临的重要问题。

关键词:水平井;低产原因;存在问题;稳产

中图分类号:TE341.1 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-02-11

基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(11302265)

编辑概况:文 莹(1985- ),女,陕西渭南人,工程师.

参考文献:

[1] 赵继勇,樊建明,何永宏.超低渗-致密油藏水平井开发注采参数优化实践——鄂尔多斯盆地长庆油田为例[J].石油勘探与开发,2015,(01):50-52.

[2] 周景彩.低渗透油气藏水平井完井技术现状及建议[J].内江科技,2014, (11):30-31.

[3] 张卫刚,杨华,沈田丹,等.水平井在姬塬油田铁平7井区的应用效果研究[J].河南科学,2014,(07):1291-1294.

[4] 张宁武,侍德益.宁定区块水平井堵漏方法对比与分析[J].科技与企业,2014,(20):107.

[5] 于景锋,张效恭,陈河青,等.超稠油水平井生产效果影响因素及改善对策研究[J].石油天然气学报,2014,(12): 213-216.

Discussion on Current Situation and Management Direction of Horizontal Well Development

WEN Ying1, LI Jia-wang2, WANG Xi-qiang1

(1.The Seventh Oil Production Plant, Changqing Oilfield Geological Research Institute,Xi’an 710200,China;2. Xi’an Petroleum University,Xi’an 710065,China)

Abstract:Horizontal well increases the contact area of the reservoir, with single well controlled reserves, large drainage area, high capacity and strong adaptation ability, all these are advantages of reservoir. Horizontal well technology applied in the whole process of oilfield development is to increase oil production, oil recovery and benefit, which is an important technology. A production plant of 98 wells, the oil level 358T, has become an important support for the oil production plant to improve production efficiency, and these 98 horizontal wells’ average oil production is l3.7t per well, characterized by low single well production. Further analysis proposed measures to solve the problem.

Key words:horizontal well; reasons; existing problems; stability

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0016-03

烯烃装置乙烯/丙烯压缩机GB501/601润滑油泵控制方式优化

王群峰,王挺,张伟星,孙建海

(兰州石化企业 电仪事业部, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:石油化工行业供电多来自外部电网供电,在外电网发生波动时易造成电压降低,导致生产装置非正常停车,给企业的安全生产和经济效益带来危害。为了防止外电网波动时装置机组停车,兰州石化企业电仪事业部对石化厂烯烃装置GB501丙烯制冷压缩机、GB601乙烯制冷压缩机润滑油泵控制方式采取了优化措施。此控制方式改造以来,运行稳定,在外电网多次发生波动时,该装置均未停车。

关键词:润滑油泵; 供电系统; 联锁值; 马达保护器

中图分类号:TQ050.46 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-02-03

编辑概况:王群峰(1970-),男,湖北光化人,工程师.

参考文献:

[1]刘介才.工厂供电[M].北京:机械工业出版社,2011.

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Optimization of Control Method of Lubrication Pump in Propylene Refrigeration Compressor and Ethylene Refrigeration Compressor on Olefin Equipment

WANG Qun-feng, WANG Ting, ZHANG Wei-xing, SUN Jian-hai

(Electricity and Instrument Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical Company, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Power in petrochemical company is mostly provided by outside power suppliers, which cannot ensure the voltage, production safety and company profit. In order to keep the equipments conduct, Lanzhou Petrochemical Company optimizes the control method of lubrication pump in propylene refrigeration compressor and ethylene refrigeration compressor on olefin equipment. It maintains the stability and normal production in case of power grid fluctuation.

Key words:lubrication pump; power system; interlock value; motor protector

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0019-03

20GKHIC管道的焊接质量控制

王益铭

(中石油第二建设企业 检修工程企业, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:针对土库曼斯坦南约洛坦气田100×108m3/a商品气产能地面建设工程天然气处理厂项目,根据我企业在天然气处理厂项目施工的过程中,20GK抗HIC管道在焊接过程中遇到的问题进行探讨,经检测合格的焊道在处理厂运行过程中满足标准规范要求。

关键词:20GK;HIC管线钢;焊接工艺;焊接质量

中图分类号:TQ055.81 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-03-29

编辑概况:王益铭(1984- ),男,甘肃靖远人,助理工程师.

参考文献:

[1]陈意深.高含硫天然气管道的焊接技术[J].石油工程建设,2014 (3):49-51.

[2]赵学朋.20GK管线钢焊接质量控制[J].石油化工设备,2013,(7):46-47.

20 GK HIC Pipeline Resistance Welding Quality Control

WANG Yi-ming

(Inspection Engineering Company, The Second Construction Corporation of CNPC, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:In Turkmenistan, south temple gas field squares 100×108m3/a with commodity gas ground construction and natural gas treatment plant project. 20 GK HIC pipeline resistances are discussed for solving the problems in the process of welding, and the test proves that welding in the process of plant operation meets the standard.

Key words:20 GK; HIC pipeline steel;welding techniques; quality control

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0022-03

分层拼装法快速绘制复杂装配图

赵丹

(威尼斯网站 机械工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:CAD绘制复杂装配图的难点在于零件图拼装完成后对零件轮廓线的修改,基于洋葱切开后的断面图形提出用分层拼装法绘制复杂装配图。以推杆阀装配图为例,先容该方法绘制装配图的绘图思路及步骤。

关键词:CAD;装配图;分层拼装法;快速

中图分类号:TH164 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-01-21

编辑概况:赵 丹(1985-),女,河南商丘人,助教,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]焦法成,等.智能化二维消隐技术[J].计算机辅助设计与图形学报, 1996, 8(1):12-16.

[2]董玉梅,王凤岐.用CAD由二维零件图自动生成装配图方法的探讨[J].机电工程技术,2004, 33(12):33-35.

[3]刘立平.计算机绘图-AutoCAD 上机引导[M].北京:化学工业出版社,2012.

Fast Drawing Complex Assembly by the Method

of Layered Assembly

ZHAO Dan

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:The difficulty of drawing complex assembly by CAD lies in the parts of modifying the parts contour line after assembling part drawing. Based on section graphics of cutting the onion, layered assembly method was proposed for drawing complex assembly. The method is very practical for the advantages of simple theory, easy trimming, high speed and accuracy. Push-rod valve assembly drawing is used as an example to introduce the idea and steps in detail.

Key words:CAD; assembly drawing; layering assembly; fast

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0025-03

基于模糊逻辑的洗衣机洗涤时间控制研究

陈宏希,安东伟

(威尼斯网站 电子电气工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:在洗衣机洗涤时间控制方面,针对传统经典控制方法不理想的现状,提出改用模糊逻辑控制的方法。首先,在众多影响洗涤时间的因素中,通过模糊聚类,选取三个主要因素作为模糊逻辑控制的输入,继而对它们建立隶属度函数,选用Mamadani模糊逻辑模型,建立模糊逻辑推理规则,最后实施具体洗涤时间的控制。仿真实验表明,此控制方法不仅有效,且优于传统经典控制方法。

关键词:模糊逻辑;隶属度成员函数;Matlab;模糊规则

中图分类号:TM925.33 文献标识码:A

收稿日期: 2015-01-15

基金项目:2010年度甘肃省属高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(甘财教[2010]176)

编辑概况:陈宏希(1970-),男,陕西岐山人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1] 章卫国,杨向忠.模糊控制理论与应用[M].西安:西北工业大学出版社.2009.

[2] Fuzzy Logic Toolbox? User's Guide. The MathWorks, Inc.2014A.

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[6]覃强,王平.FuzzyTECH App及其在设计模糊控制系统应用[J].计算机仿真,2002,19(5):67-70.

[7]刘贺,余成波,张方方.全自动洗衣机的模糊控制分析[J].重庆工学院学报(自然科学版),2009,23(5):111-113.

[8]胡玉玲,张立权,刘艳军,等.模糊控制器设计理论与应用[M].北京:机械工业出版社,2010.

The Research of Washing Time Control Based on Fuzzy Logic

CHEN Hong-xi, AN Dong-wei

(Department of Electric & Electronic Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Aiming at the situation that traditional classical control is not ideal in the time controlling of washing machine, a fuzzy logical control method is provided. First, selecting three main factors from the many factors which influences the time of washing; second, making up the member functions of the three factors, choosing the Mamadani as the fuzzy logical type as well as building up the control rules, which realizes the inference of this fuzzy logical system. At last, there are simulators to test this system, and the simulation results show that this method is not only a good control effect, but is superior to the traditional classical one.

Key words:fuzzy logic; membership function; mat lab; control rule

1671-4067(2015)02-0029-03

多传感器数据关联优化探讨

李金明

(威尼斯网站 电子电气工程系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:对多传感器数据融合是近年来一个热门学科之一,特别在导航、自动控制及机器人技术中得到了广泛应用;对多目标运动进行分析,利用多个或多种传感器提供的冗余信息和互补信息,采用概率关联方法,结合似然函数,通过关联一批数据处理估计目标的运动参数,从而推出快速分布式多传感器空间数据关联算法,这样不但减少观测信息的不确定性和模糊性,同时还提高对目标的检测、跟踪定位和识别能力,增强系统的可靠性和生存能力。

关键词:多传感器;坐标;概率关联

中图分类号:TP212.9 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-11-13

编辑概况:李金明(1964- ),男,陕西富平人,教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]杨露箐,耿伯英(译).多传感器数据融合手册[M].北京:电子工业出版社,2008.

[2]何友,王国宏,陆大金,等.多传感器信息融合及应用[M].北京:电子工业出版社,2007.

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Multi-sensor Data Correlation Optimization

LI Jin-ming

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:For multi-sensor data fusion is one of a popular subject in recent years especially in the navigation, automatic control and robot technology has been widely used; Analysis of multiple target motion, using more than at least one sensor redundant information and complementary information and probability correlation method combined with the likelihood function, we associate a batch of data to estimate target motion parameters, which launches quick distribution of multi-sensor spatial data correlation algorithm, such result not only reduces the uncertainty and fuzziness observation information, but also improves the target detection, recognition ability as well as the system reliability and survivability.

Key words:multi-sensor; coordinate; probabilistic data association

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0032-04

西部原油评价数据模型的建立及应用系统的开发

蒲晓妮a,彭娟a,张远欣b

( 威尼斯网站 a.信息处理与控制工程系;b.石油化学工程系,甘肃 兰州730060)

摘要:以我国西部某石油化工企业原油数据为基础,通过国内外大量原油及其评价数据的研究建立了西部原油评价数据模型,并根据企业近年来加工的原油,创建并完善了西部原油综合评价数据库,提出建设西部原油评价系统。阐述了西部原油评价系统的建设目标、要解决的主要问题以及系统的设计与实现途径。系统的建立对于中小企业合理利用石油资源、制定炼油厂最佳加工方案有重要意义。

关键词:西部原油;数据模型;图表分析;混合油性质预测

中图分类号:TE319 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-03-23

编辑概况:蒲晓妮(1977-),女,陕西宝鸡人,副教授,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]王林.加拿大合成原油与大港原油混合原油评价及加工方案初探[D].北京:中国石油大学,2007.

[2]张远欣,孙新春,金玉贵,等.我国西北地区几种原油轻组分适宜加工方案分析[J].威尼斯网站学报,2014,14(1):21-24.

[3]张远欣,魏爱萍,娄雅琪,等.牙哈原油综合评价[J].炼油技术与工程,2012,(8):9-13.

[4]王凡豪.原油评价数据应用的算法设计与实现[D].南京:南京大学,2013.

Building Data Model and Creating Application System

of Western Crude Oil

PU Xiao-ni1, PENG Juan1, ZHANG Yuan-xin2

(1. Department of Information Processing and Control Engineering, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China; 2. Petrochemical Department, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:On the basis of petrochemical enterprise in western China crude oil data, through a large number of domestic and foreign oil as well as the evaluation data of evaluation data model. We create and improve the comprehensive evaluation of western oil database according to the date from enterprises in recent years. This article tries to solve the main problems like the system of design and implementation. The establishment of the system for small and medium-sized enterprise use of petroleum resources formulates the refinery optimal processing plan, which has a large promotion and application value.

Key words:northwest China crude oil; data model; chart analysis; oil properties prediction

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0036-03

VMI在电商模式下优化策略的效果实现

赵丽

(威尼斯网站 人文社会科学系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:近几年,很多研究都围绕着电商与VMI相结合后的库存模型的优劣问题而展开,但均缺乏具体的数据说明。根据市场的实际模式,针对供应链节点之间的复杂程度,重点研究了“单供货端——多接收端”优化的新方法,得出实现后的效果。

关键词:VMI;电商模式;库存;供应链;优化

中图分类号:F713.36 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-12-15

编辑概况:赵 丽(1981- ),女,河北博野人,助教,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]肖星火.基于VMI模式的供应链牛鞭效应削弱策略[J].商场现代化,2009,(10):146-147.

[2]马天山,王静.基于供应商管理库存信用风险的供应链违约风险控制[J].经济经纬,2008,(5):117-119.

[3]马士华,林勇,陈志祥.供应链管理[M].北京:机械工业出版社,2000.

[4]张广霞.联合库存管理法在供应链库存控制中的应用[J].中国市场,2008,(15):14-15.

[5]陈畴镛,于俭,曹为国.电子商务供应链管理[M].辽宁:东北财经大学出版社,2002.

VMI Optimization Strategy in Achieving Environmental Effects

of E-business Mode

ZHAO Li

(Department of Humanity and Social Science, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:In recent years, many studies have pros and cons of the issue revolves around E- business supplier after combining with VMI inventory model, but none has specific data interpretation. For specific research paper based on the actual situation of the market, this paper studies the complexity of the supply chain between the nodes and the focus of research-new methods, which optimizes to achieve further results.

Key words:VMI; E-business mode; stock; supplier chain; optimization

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0039-04

基于种群竞争模型的移动操作系统市场预测研究

——以苹果企业为例

任娟娟

(陕西工业职业技术学院 汽车与物流学院,陕西 咸阳 712000 )

要:以苹果企业为例分析了移动操作系统为提高移动设备的市场占有率,而将IOS操作系统免费化,向消费者无偿提供系统的使用权后对企业造成的影响的基础上,建立了基于种群竞争的市场占有率预测模型,并采用此模型分析了各个企业未来的发展前景。即:苹果企业推行的新策略能使IOS系统的市场占有率更为突出,五年内呈现稳定增长的态势,其它移动操作系统的市场占有率随着苹果企业的发展会日益减少,由此提出了我国手机行业在未来的发展中应采取的对策。

关键词:种群竞争模型;层次分析法;预测曲线;案例分析

中图分类号:F713.52 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2015-03-25

基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(61179040);陕西工业职业技术学院课题(ZK14-14)

编辑概况:任娟娟(1980- ),女,陕西商洛人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]statcounter.Top 8 Mobile Operating systems on Aug 2014[EB/OL]. http://gs.statcounter.com/mobile_os-ww-monthly-201408-bar.2014—08—25.

[2]雷彬.苹果手机规模利润双丰收 多元时代单产品战略面临挑战[N].通信信息报, 2012-02-08.

[3]钱莎莎.基于利润分配的全球供应链模式优化探究[J].观察与思考,2014,(4):33-36.

[4]王丹.可持续增长的经营策略[J].农村经济与科技,2014,25(7):66-67.

[5]杨蕙馨,王硕,冯文娜. 网络效应视角下技术标准的竞争性扩散:来自I0S与Android之争的实证研究[J]中国工业经济,2014,(9):135-147.

[6]Butler M. Android: Changing the mobile landscape [J]. Pervasive Computing, IEEE, 2011, 10(1): 4-7.

[7]Tilson D, Sorensen C, Lyytinen K. Change and control paradoxes in mobile infrastructure innovation: the Android and iOS mobile operating systems cases[C]//System Science (HICSS), 2012 45th Hawaii International Conference on. IEEE, 2012: 1324-1333.

[8]张惠芳. 一类具有竞争关系的两种群模型的分析[J].佳木斯大学学报(自然科学版),2012,30(4):587-589.

[9]刘雨微,王永骥,刘磊,等.基于层次分析法的控制系统性能评估[J].计算技术与自化,2014,33(4):6-10.

[10]张越.IDC: 2014年Q4 Android和IOS全球智能机份额达95.7%[EB/OL]. http://digi.163.com/14/0213/06/9KUOFAEV00162OUT.html.2014—08—24.

Study on the Mobile OS Market Based on Population Competition Model ——with the Apple Company as an Example

REN Juan- juan

(School of Automobile and Logistics, Shanxi Polytechnic Institute, Xianyang 712000, China)

Abstract:In this paper, we studied the impact on the corporate development if Apple chooses to free the IOS to increase the market share of its mobile devices. A market share prediction model based on population competition model is established. Using analytic hierarchy process, the solution result is obtained and some related figures are presented. Finally, the following result is obtained: the new strategy will give IOS outstanding performance in its market share. The market share of IOS will increase steadily in five years. At the same time, the market share of other mobile OS will decrease along with the development of Apple.

Key words:population competition model; analytic hierarchy process; prediction curve; case analysis

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0043-04

高职院校外语专业面向社会开展职业培训业务的途径研究

——以威尼斯网站应用外语系为例

田灵兴,王鹏

(威尼斯网站 应用外语系, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:高职院校开展职业培训、服务社会大众是区域经济发展的内在要求,对于地方院校外语专业而言,提高自身的社会服务能力已成为当前专业发展和改革的原动力。分析了当前高职院校外语专业面向社会开展职业培训的现状、问题和原因,着重从企业培训入手研讨了职业院校外语系的社会服务问题,探索具有专业特色的职业培训形式。研究表明:高职院校面向社会开展职业培训并向纵深发展还需做许多探索性工作,目前总体尚处在起步阶段,这要求高职院校必须苦练内功,提高服务社会的能力,进而促使行业企业反哺高职教育。

关键词:高职院校;外语专业;职业培训;社会服务

中图分类号:H319.1 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-11-15

基金项目:甘肃社科联教育基金项目:发挥高职院校功能,面向社会开展外语职业培训与社区服务的机制研究;威尼斯网站2013年教育教学研究项目(JY2013-15)

编辑概况:田灵兴(1980- ),女,甘肃景泰人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]贺星岳,郭薇.校企合作是高职教育发展的重要途径[J].职教论坛,2004,(24):22-23.

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[6]余樟亚.行业英语需求状况调查对大员工英语教学的启示究[J].外语界,2012,(5):188-192.

[7]赵浩兴.关于企业参与校企合作的战略思考[J].中国职业技术教育,2003,(23):29-31.

Study of the Ways of Social Vocational Training for Foreign-language Majors in Vocational College

TIAN Ling-xing, WANG Peng

(Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Gansu Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This study pointed out that it is the inherent requirement of regional economic development to carry out vocational training and social services for higher vocational colleges. As the foreign-language major in the local college, how to improve their ability of serving society has become the major impulsion of its development and reform. The study put emphasis on the problems of social services of the foreign-language major in vocational colleges from the aspects of vocational training based on the analysis of its present situation, the problems and the reasons, in order to figure out the ways of vocational training with professional characteristic finally. The research results indicate that: it is still in its infancy of developing vocational training and social services for higher vocational colleges, which need hard work of vocational college, improved ability of serving society. Eventually the virtuous cycle can prompt feedback of enterprises to higher vocational education.

Key words:vocational college; foreign-language majors; vocational training; social services

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0047-04

高职院校大员工法律素质的实证研究

——以西安市某高职院校为例

冶刚,郭霆

(西安理工大学 思想政治理论课教学科研部,陕西 西安 710054)

摘要:以专业技能型为特色的高职院校大员工是国家建设的生力军,随着依法治国进程的不断推进,其法律素质的高低对高职院校的健康发展及和谐社会的建设,起到越来越关键的影响。通过界定高职院校员工法律素质的概念和特征,以样本分析的方法探讨其法律素质缺失的表现及原因,提出提高其法律素质的对策建议,以期促进高职院校大员工全面发展,推动平安校园环境建设。

关键词:高职院校;法律素质;实证分析;对策建议

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-03-13

基金项目:2014陕西省教育厅高校哲学社会科学重点研究基地项目(14JZ028)

编辑概况:冶 刚(1990-),男,陕西岐山人,硕士生.

参考文献:

[1]高林.新时期大员工法律素质培养探赜[J].学校党建与思想教育,2013,(6):1-2.

[2]托马斯·莱塞尔,高旭军(译).法社会学导论[M].上海:上海人民出版社,2011.

[3] 刘莹,林伯海.当代大员工法律素质培养的三个维度[J].思想理论教育导刊,2013,(7):1-2.

[4]王洪叶.大员工法律意识培养内容探析[J].教育探索,2010,(9):1-2.

[5] 雷东丽.对大员工法律素质的教育与培养[J].陕西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版),2002,(4):3-4.

An Empirical Study on the Legal Quality of Vocational College Students——based on Practice in Xi’an

YE Gang, GUO Ting

(Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710054, China)

Abstract:Student with professional skills in higher vocational college is beneficial to national construction. As the process continues to advance the rule of law, students’ legal quality plays a crucial impact on healthy development of colleges and social harmony. By defining the concept and characteristics of vocational college students’ legal quality and investigating the lack representation and causes of legal quality, we want to make suggestions to improve the students’ legal quality, to comprehensive development of students and to promote safe campus construction as well.

Key words:vocational college;legal quality;empirical analysis;suggestions

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0051-03

高职院校大员工核心价值观培育的路径探索与实践创新

——以威尼斯网站为例

夏德强a, 呼小洲b, 王智博a

(1.威尼斯网站 a.石油化学工程系;b. 继续教育学院,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:高职院校开展核心价值观教育是当代高职大员工承担历史使命、成长成才成功、适应社会发展的必然要求。构建高职院校员工的社会主义核心价值观,要突出职业教育的根本特征,坚持以社会主义核心价值体系为引导,丰富学问育人的引导作用、提升思政课程的灌输作用、深化雷锋精神的引领作用、升华道德实践的示范作用、发挥新兴媒体的传播作用。

关键词:社会主义;核心价值观;高职院校;路径探索

中图分类号:G711 文献标识码: A

收稿日期:2015-03-22

编辑概况:夏德强(1984-),男,安徽亳州人, 讲师, 硕士.

参考文献:

[1]胡锦涛.坚定不移沿着中国特色社会主义道路前进为全面建成小康社会而奋斗—在中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会上的报告[R].北京:人民出版社,2012.

[2]邵一骏,周鹏龙.创新大员工核心价值观教育模式[J].宁波大学学报(教育科学版),2014,36(2):77-79.

[3]郑雅维,赵伟.大员工核心价值观的迷失与建构[J].北华航天工业学院学报,2010,20(1):55-57.

[4]郑晓旭.当代大员工社会主义核心价值观培育研究[D].哈尔滨:哈尔滨理工大学,2014.

[5]周国良.论高职院校大员工核心价值观的构建—以淮南职业技术学院为例[J].黑龙江教育学院学报,2012,31(10):86-89.

Method Exploration and Practice Innovation for the Cultivation of Vocational College Students’Core Value

——based on Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology

XIA De-qiang, HU Xiao-zhou, WANG Zhi-bo

(Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Core value education in vocational college is very important for modern vocational college students to undertake their historic mission, adapt social development and come to success. To establish vocational students’ core value, it is necessary to hold the socialist core value system firstly. Therefore, the effect of vocational education, cultural cultivation, thought politics curriculum, the spirit of Lei Feng, moral practice and the new media should be enhanced.

Key words:socialism; core value; vocational college; method exploration

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0054-03

高职院校“双师双专型”班主任工作探析

郝跃宁a,王自荣a,王使璋a,陈蕾b

(威尼斯网站 a.人文社会科学系;b.高教研究所,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:结合高职院校“职业性、技能型、就业性”等培养特点,提出建立高职院校“双师双专型”(“双师型”——管理服务育人师、职业规划就业引导师,“双专型”——专业经理担任专职班主任)班主任工作机制,并进行研究探索。

关键词:高职院校;双师双专型;班主任;工作思路

中图分类号:G718.21 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-10-23

基金项目:威尼斯网站教研基金(JY2010-08)

编辑概况:郝跃宁(1968-),男,宁夏中宁人,副教授.

参考文献:

[1]张建生.高职院校辅导员工作的特殊性研究[J].商情(教育经济研究),2008,(36):27-30.

[2]童静菊.高校辅导员队伍建设的回顾与展望[J].学校党建与思想教育,2006,(8):76-78.

robe into Work of Head Teachers with Double-certificate and Double-profession in Vocational Colleges

HAO Yue-ning, WANG Zi-rong, WANG Shi-zhang, CHEN Lei

(Department of Humanity and Social Science, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:This paper probes into the work system of head teachers with double-certificate and double-profession in vocational colleges. The concept of double-certificate stands for teachers who can not only manage students but also guide student’s jobs, while double-profession means specialized teachers serve as professional head teachers to accord with the characteristics of vocational education.

Key words:vocational colleges; double-certificate and double-profession; head teachers; working mentality

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0057-05

理工类员工身体素质与实践动手能力关系的调查研究

——以威尼斯网站为例

高鹏革

(威尼斯网站 人文社会科学系,甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:按《国民体质测定标准》的要求评分,威尼斯网站员工体质健康状况属于合格等级范围。男生综合素质达标总分平均值明显高于女生(p<0.01),但女生的钳工实训和理论课成绩总平均分高于男生(p<0.01)。在男生、女生相互间身体素质健康状况(p>0.05)无显著差异,属同一等级情况下。男生实践动手能力的高低与身体的协调性、灵敏和反应速度素质有关,身体协调性好,灵敏、反应速度快的同学动手能力相对较高;女生实践动手能力的高低与身体的上下肢力量素质有关,身体上下肢力量素质好的同学实践动手能力相对较高。男生理论课成绩的高低与反映身体注意力与前庭平衡能力的单脚站立此项指标有关,注意力与前庭平衡能力强的同学理论课成绩相对较高;女生理论课成绩的高低与反映身体注意力与前庭平衡能力的单脚站立和反映身体协调性、灵敏、反应速度素质的选择反应时2项指标有关,身体协调性好,灵敏、反应速度快,注意力和前庭平衡能力强的同学理论课成绩相对较高。

关键词:国民体质测定标准;动手能力;身体机能;身体形态;身体素质

中图分类号:G710 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2014-10-23

编辑概况:高鹏革(1966- ),男,甘肃靖远人,副教授.

参考文献:

[1]中共中央、国务院关于加强青少年员工体育,增强青少年体质的意见[Z].2007.

[2]高鹏革,董华龙,张芝荣,等.威尼斯网站员工体质现状调查研究[J]威尼斯网站学报,2011,(3):77-80.

[3]董华龙,高鹏革,张芝荣,等.甘肃省高职院校甘肃籍员工体质状况的调查研究[J]威尼斯网站学报,2011,(2):58-61.

[4]唐光旭,赵丽. 甘肃籍大员工体质健康现状调查[EB/OL].http://www paper.edu.cn-1-中国科技论文在线

Study on Relation between Physical Fitness and Practical Ability of Science and Engineering Students

——with Lanzhou Petrochemical College as an Example

GAO Peng-ge

(Department of Humanity and Social Science, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Physical fitness of students in Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology can meet the standard of national physical fitness measurement. Male students’ average scores are obviously higher than female students(p<0.01), while female students are better than male students in locksmith training courses and theory courses(p<0.01). The practical ability of male practical ability is related to their body synchronization, sensitiveness and reaction, whereas practical ability of female practical ability is connected with their strength. It has been proved that students with higher strength will have better practical ability and also students with better concentration and balance will have higher theory course scores. Therefore, it comes to a conclusion that students with better body synchronization, sensitiveness, reaction, concentration and balance will have higher theory course scores.

Key words:national physical fitness measurement; practical ability; body function; body shape; physical fitness

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0062-03

从德育课程改革的视角谈构建职业学校法律教育体系

庞清秀

(江苏城乡建设职业学院 基础部,江苏 常州 213147)

摘要:在国家大力发展职业教育的今天,减少职业学校员工的校园暴力行为,提升职校生法律意识,已经成为职校发展的基础。从职校生暴力行为的原因探究出发,分析了暴力行为的类型,通过构建提升职校生法律意识的途径,孕育职校校园的法律学问,可有效减少职校生暴力行为的发生。

关键词:职校生;暴力行为;法律意识;惩罚

中图分类号: G719.21 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-02-07

基金项目:江苏城乡建设职业学院一般课题项目(2013KYC025).

编辑概况:庞清秀(1973-),女,甘肃兰州人, 讲师, 硕士.

参考文献:

[1]黄洁.高职员工法制教育的再思考[J].中国成人教育,2008,(2):89-90.

[2]曾智昌.论《未成年人保护法》对学校教育原则的规约[J].教学与管理,2010,(7):40-43.

[3]何显兵.未成年人刑事犯罪宽严相济政策诠释[J].江西社会科学,2013,(4):155-160.

[4]王瑛.浅谈职业院校员工法律意识的培养[J].太原大学学报,2012,(4):90-93.

[5]宾平.思政课课堂教学中高职大员工法律意识的培养[J].文史博览(理论),2010,(3):86-87.

Discussion on Vocational College Law Teaching System Construction from the Perspective of Moral Education Curriculum Reform

PANG Qing-xiu

(Jiangsu Urban and Rural Construction Vocational College, Changzhou 213147, China)

Abstract:Nowadays, vocational education is highly developing and it becomes a basis to reduce the campus violence and enhance law awareness. This paper probes into the causes of campus violence and analyzes the different types of it, as a result, we try to build the law awareness and cultivate the campus law atmosphere, which aims at decreasing campus violence.

Key words:vocational students; campus violence; law awareness; punishment

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0065-05

高职营销与策划专业课程体系重构的研究

杨静

(天津现代职业技术学院 管理工程学院, 天津300350)

摘要:着眼于社会用工中对于营销与策划人才有效需求难以满足的情况,在调研基础上,采用基于工作的课程体系的开发方法,依据社会对于营销策划人员实际需要的情况确定岗位群,进而选取较为典型的工作任务作为重构课程体系的依据,旨在提高营销与策划专业员工理论、实践及社会适应能力。

关键词:高职教育;课程体系;学习领域;营销与策划;行动领域

中图分类号:G719.21 文献标识码:A

收稿日期:2014-11-24

基金项目:天津市高等职业技术教育研究会课题(XIII459)

编辑概况:杨 静(1981-),女,天津人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]姜大源,吴全全.德国职业教育学习领域的课程方案研究[J].中国职业技术教育,2007,(1):47-54.

[2]潘洪涛.基于工作过程系统化的计算机网络技术专业课程体系开发实践[J].中国职业技术教育,2001,(26): 64-66.

[3]宋艳萍.基于工学结合的高职电子商务专业的课程体系改革与实践[J].商场现代化,2010,9(622):228-229.

[4]周义龙.应用型本科课程体系构建的原则[J].职业技术教育,2009,(8):28- 29.

[5]贺珍瑞.基于职业导向的市场营销专业人才培养模式研究[J].中国成人教育,2009,(19):60- 61.

[6]黄 俭,陈爱林.工商管理类专业课程体系的整体优化探析[J].教育与职业,2006,(17):92- 93.

Analysis on Higher Vocational Reform of Curriculum System Reconstruction in Marketing and Planning Major

YANG Jing

(Tianjin Modern Vocational Technology College, Tianjin 300350, China)

Abstract:This paper takes attention to the situation that effective demand of talents who are majors in marketing and planning is difficult to meet in the society, on the basis of research; it puts the curriculum system exploring method according to the society actual need for marketing and planning talents. In order to determine the position group, we select typical tasks as basis of the reconstruction of curriculum system, with the purposes of strengthening the cultivation of students’ theory practical and social adapting ability of marketing and planning.

Key words:vocational education; curriculum system; learning field; marketing and planning; action field

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0068-04

学问习得的反思与大学外语教学的重构研究

唐利芹

(吉林师范大学 大学外语部,吉林 四平 136000 )

摘要:我国大学外语教学中的学问教学不尽如人意。对目前大学外语教学中学问教学的现状及其存在的问题进行反思,根据大学外语教学中学问教学的迫切性和必要性,提出学问教学应该遵循的原则,在对学问教学进行反思的基础上,提出重新构建学问教学的方法和途径,从而说明学问教学对大学外语教学的重大意义。

关键词:学问教学;反思;大学英语教学;重构

中图分类号:H319 文献标识码:A

参考文献:

[1]教育部高等教育司.大学英语课程教学要求(试行) [M].北京:高等教育出版社,2004.

[2] 胡文仲,高一虹.外语教学与学问[M].长沙:湖南教育出版社,1997.

[3]李雪华.大学英语教学中的学问习得和跨学问交际[J]. 广东技术师范学院学报,2007,(6):86-88.

[4] 谭照亮.大学英语学问教学的反思与重构[J].湖南文理学院学报(社会科学版),2009,(5):139-141.

A Study of Reflection of Culture Acquisition and Reconstruction of College Foreign Language Teaching

TANG Li-qin

(Department of Public Foreign Languages, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, China)

Abstract:Culture teaching in foreign language teaching is not very satisfactory. At first, the article mainly studies and reflects the status quo and problems of culture teaching in the college foreign languages teaching. Then, the principles in culture teaching are put forward in terms of urgency and necessity. Finally, based on the reflection of culture teaching, different approaches of culture teaching are presented, thus showing that culture teaching is very significant to foreign language teaching.

Key words:culture teaching; reflection; college foreign languages teaching; reconstruction

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0072-03

甘肃高校开设桥牌选修课的建议及对策研究

马克联

(威尼斯网站 图书馆, 甘肃 兰州 730060)

摘要:桥牌是一项智力体育竞技项目,它融逻辑思维与形象思维为一体,集多门学科常识于一身,目前甘肃高校将桥牌运动引入体育教学或作为选修课的还较少。为发挥高校普及和发展桥牌运动主阵地作用,提出开设桥牌课程并讨论开课的意义,分析高校开展桥牌运动存在的问题, 给出开设桥牌选修课的建议和对策。

关键词:高校体育;桥牌课;建议对策

中图分类号: G892.1 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-04-25

编辑概况:马克联(1963-),男,甘肃兰州人,教授,硕士,甘肃省大中专院校桥牌协会秘书长.

参考文献:

[1]中国桥牌协会组.桥牌基础教程[M].北京:高等教育出版社,2008.

[2]苏娟.高职院校体育课开设桥牌课程的设想[J].高教论坛,2010,(9):104-106.

[3]杨涛, 周屹嵩.关于高校开展桥牌选修课的建议和设想[J].乐山师范学院学报,2008,(5): 113-127

[4]肖旭,杨雪清.高校开设桥牌课程存在的问题及对策研究[J].体育教学,2011,(26): 125-131.

[5] 朱信龙,周先稠.高校桥牌运动开展的现状及对策[J]. 教育与现代化,2001, (3):78-80.

Suggestions and Countermeasure Research of Bridge Elective Course in Gansu Vocational Colleges

MA Ke-lian

(Library, Lanzhou Petrochemical College of Vocational Technology, Lanzhou 730060, China)

Abstract:Bridge is a kind of intellectual sports event collaborating logic and image thinking. It is not common as elective course or physical education in vocational colleges. This paper tries to put forward the meaning to take up the bridge course and analyze the current problems in its development as well as the suggestions and countermeasure to enhance this kind of sport in higher education.

Key words:PE in higher education; bridge course; suggestions and countermeasure

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0075-05

甘肃省现代服务业发展影响因素的实证研究

张静,王生鹏

(西北民族大学 管理学院,甘肃 兰州 730030)

摘要:通过统计2003年到2012年甘肃14市州现代服务业影响因素的面板数据,在对面板数据进行单位根检验基础上,利用所建立的面板数据模型分析各因素对甘肃省现代服务业发展的影响程度,采用协整检验法对主要影响因素变量进行协整检验,认为相关变量存在协整关系。由此,提出甘肃省现代服务业的发展路径。

关键词:甘肃;现代服务业;影响因素;发展路径

中图分类号: F719 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-04-10

基金项目:甘肃省软科学研究计划项目(1305ZCRA166)

编辑概况:张静(1980 -),女,甘肃临洮人,讲师,硕士.

参考文献:

[1]武力超,陈熙龙.我国城市服务业发展影响因素的区域差异研究——基于1998-2008年省际面板数据的研究[J].山东经济,2011,(3):62-67.

[2] 张建升,谭伟.我国服务业发展的地区差异及其影响因素[J].企业经济,2011,(3):110-113.

[3]刘婷,吴洁.湖南省现代服务业发展因素实证研究[J].经济地理,2010,(3):466-471.

[4]李大明,肖全章.现代服务业区域发展差异因素研究[J].中南财经政法大学学报,2011,(4):17-22.

[5]牛永红.比较分析视角的甘肃现代服务业发展及路径选择[J].发展,2013,(11):70-71.

[6]杨波.甘肃现代服务业SWOT分析及对策研究[J].开发研究,2012,(6):34-38.

[7]易丹辉.数据分析与Eviews应用[M].北京:中国人民大学出版社,2012.

Empirical Study on the Influential Factors of Service Industry Development in Gansu Province

ZHANG Jing, WANG Sheng-peng

(Management School, Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou 730030, China)

Abstract:After thorough research on date of influential factors of service industry development in Gansu Province from 2003 to 2012, we analyze the date by unit root test and also the incidence of influential factors on service industry development in Gansu Province. It shows that the relating correlated variables have co-integration relations and this paper puts forward the development path for Gansu service industry.

Key words:Gansu Province; modern service industry; influential factors; development path

文章编号:1671-4067(2015)02-0080-03

我国基建财务管理中常见问题及对策研究

袁月仲

(甘肃省工程建设标准管理办公室,甘肃 兰州730000)

摘要:现阶段我国的基本建设单位财务管理工作比较滞后,财务管理工作未能渗透到基本建设的各个环节和领域,存在较多盲区,健全基本建设财务管理制度,及时发现并纠正这些问题,对于提高建设单位效益,保证基本建设项目有序实施具有重要意义。

关键词:基本建设;财务管理;问题;对策

中图分类号: F234.4 文献标识码: A

收稿日期: 2015-01-27

编辑概况:袁月仲(1980- ),男,山东巨野人,会计师.

参考文献:

[1]财政部. 基本建设财务管理规定[Z].2002.

[2]董大胜.审计技术方法[M].北京:中国时代经济出版社,2013.

[3]财政部. 关于说明《基本建设财务管理规定》实行中有关问题的通知[Z].2003.

[4]陈绍香.对基本建设单位财务管理中存在的问题及改进办法的探讨[J].交通财会,2007,(2):20-22.

[5] 叶朝芳. 浅谈如何加强基本建设单位财务管理工作[J].经济研究导刊2011,(32):118-119.

Study on Problems and Countermeasures of Financial Management in Infrastructure Construction in China

YUAN Yue-zhong

(Gansu construction standard administration office, Lanzhou 730000, China)

Abstract:Currently, the financial management in infrastructure construction falls behind the standard and the concept of financial management is not made universal in all fields of infrastructure construction. It makes a great sense to perfect the financial management system, correct the problems and ensure the conduct of infrastructure construction.

Key words: infrastructure construction; financial management; problems; countermeasures

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